Bloody Discharge from Male Pom's Penis
This is often a sign of a rare but serious condition called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) that affects intake males. This is not to be confused with blood in the urine. With this disorder, there can be blood coming out of the penile opening.
BPH in and of itself rarely causes an issue; it refers to the enlargement of a dog's prostate gland. Approximately 50% of intact male dogs will develop this by the age
of 5 years old. By the age of 9 years old, roughly 90% of male dogs have an enlarged prostate.
Normally this does not cause a problem; the gland simply expands a bit into the body a bit closer to the spine.
With this said, there are two instances in which it can cause more serious issues:
If it enlarges too much, it can cause constipation
or fecal impaction. A sign of this is stools that appear to be very thin, like small strips of ribbon.
Even more rarely, if it enlarges to a great degree and moves forward in the body (as opposed to backward), it can press on the urethra. This in turn, can cause trauma that leads to a bloody discharge from the penis.
This is diagnosed via a rectal exam, blood work, urinalysis, sampling fluid drawn from the prostate and most often, x-rays.
Depending on the severity of the problem, neutering may be recommended as it almost always completely cured the condition.