Are you Prepared?
One must be fully prepared before breeding. Ask yourself:
Do you have have the money for this? Breeding involves many veterinarian bills. The pregnancy may have complications. A cesarean section may need to be performed. You will need extra food, possibly milk supplement and more.
Do you have the time? Those newborn puppies need to have a careful eye on them around the clock. Hypoglycemia is just one of the many health issues that can suddenly strike a newborn puppy.
Do you have the emotional strength? Even the best breeders in the world experience loss. Even with years of experience, there may be a puppy or puppies that do not make it. If all goes well, how will you feel when the puppies go to their new homes?
Guidelines & Requirements
With toy breed dogs, it is always best if the female is larger than the male; with both still falling within the acceptable standard weight. A good example would be a 7 lb. female paired with a 4 lb. male.
Taking two very small "runt" Pomeranians and breeding them together to produce unnaturally tiny puppies - to be marketed as Teacups - is extremely unethical and will only produce very unhealthy puppies. Any puppies born from that type of breeding will have huge risks of major health problems.
How old should your Pomeranian be when you breed him or her? The AKC states that a dam must not be younger than 8 months and the sire not less than 7 months.
Personally, we feel that this is much too young. We recommend a breeding age of 2 to 3 years old for the dam; she will be physically mature yet still have enough youthful flexibility.
A male’s sperm will be viable at about 4 months old, however we suggest waiting until the 1 year mark to ensure sperm is strong.
Additionally, dogs must be placed in ‘retirement’ at the correct age; it is particularly dangerous to have an older female carrying and delivering litters. In general, a female should be retired from breeding at 7.
However, this will vary greatly depending on her health, how quickly she recovers, if a cesarean section was needed, the size of her litters and so much more.