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Why Does My Pomeranian Have Dandruff? 


Dandruff is a flaking of the skin...Skin is always in a process of renewal. When new skin cells form, older cells die off and fall off of the body. A certain number of them make their way to the coat of the Pomeranian...And this results in dandruff.

This process is natural and happens all of the time, every day, in fact. However for most Poms, it is not noticeable. When an owner is concerned regarding Pomeranian dandruff, this is because there is a high level of flaked skin that can be seen on the coat. 

This is most noticeable with darker fur, of course, since the tiny specks will have a whitish color to them. Along with this, a Pom may have sore spots (areas that appear to be red and irritated) and there may be quite a bit of itching. This section will discuss how to identify dandruff and the steps that you can take to treat it and prevent it.
It should first be noted that this section is going to discuss common dandruff issues with the Pomeranian breed. It is important that if you suspect a more severe skin issue that you have your Pom examined by an experienced and reputable veterinarian.

For example, if itching is extreme...if there are sore spots (also known as hot spots) that look inflamed, etc. you will want to have testing done by a professional. 

This is because such severity may be the result of a skin infection (which may need to be treated with antibiotics), the result of an allergy (for which testing can be done, diet will need to be changed, etc.) or several other possible causes.
Causes of Dandruff

This issue is caused by dry skin. How does a Pom develop this? Don't worry that you did something wrong, this can happen to even the most pampered pets! There are 3 main causes:

1. Baths given too frequently or incorrectly.
2. A lack of certain vitamins and minerals
3. Sensitivity to temperature/ humidity levels

We will look at all 3 of these elements and then go over a list of things that you can do at home to cure and then prevent dandruff.  


Some owners tend to think that giving a bath is what is the suds and rinsing will wash away the flakes. While this is somewhat true, it is the element of giving too many baths that can cause the problem to begin with. The frequency, temperature, shampoo used, rinsing method and drying method all play a role.

Too many times in the tub can cause skin to become very dry...and this is what will lead to skin irritations, including dandruff. Unless your Pomeranian has run through a mud puddle, so try to give baths approximately every 3 weeks. Due to the size of this breed, we suggest using the kitchen sink. Do keep in mind all of the various chemical residue that can be in that sink before you begin! Be sure to have it sparkling clean and rinse it out very well before beginning.

Only a few inches are needed, as the goal is to clean your Pom well, not to have him or her take a swim! You will want to test the water temperature with the inside of your wrist. The goal will be to have it warm...not hot and not cold. Even without dandruff issues, you will always want to use a quality moisturizing shampoo that is great for Poms and then, separately a moisturizing conditioner. When dandruff is apparent, do not use human dandruff shampoo! It is much too harsh.
It will be helpful to use a quality canine dandruff shampoo, the base of which will be oatmeal and aloe vera....with zinc-pca as the medication ingredient. It is used for other issues as well such as oil production problems. You will find, in most cases, that it will also work to eliminate odors that can be associated with this particular issue. 

When it is time to rinse, if you think that you have rinsed enough, rinse again! Residue can cause many problems. Even a small amount will decrease air circulation to the skin. If you will be using your kitchen sink, as suggested, using the spray nozzle is recommended.

To dry your Pomeranian, never rub the towel into the coat. Best is to have a very absorbent, soft towel, wrap it around your Pom and gently blot. Since most of the conditioner will be washed away, it is very important to use a leave-in conditioner after this. You may opt to purchase some, or you can make your own by mixing a bit canine coat conditioner into some warm water, and putting this in a spritzing bottle. It is not suggested to blow-dry the coat, as the heat will dry out both the hairs and the skin. 
Pomeranian drying off after bath
Vitamins and Mineral Deficiency

Omega-3 Fatty Acid is the most important element.... If you are not home cooking and are instead feeding your Pomeranian a manufactured dog food it is vital to know that Omega-3 is rendered inactive when subjected to heat. Therefore, even if it is listed as an ingredient, if it was added and then the food was cooked, it mind as well not even be in there! Therefore, offering your Pom this supplement can be very helpful. The second element is vitamin E, which will work to make the coat shiny and healthy.


The temperature and the humidity can play a role with Pomeranian dandruff. More specifically, anything below or above normal levels will have an effect on skin and fur. Dry, cold winter weather can contribute to dry skin as can too much sun exposure during hot summer months. If you live in a very dry climate, it can be helpful to spray down the coat with a canine oil rinse, once every month or so. If you will be taking your Pomeranian for walks in dry, cold weather, please do protect him or her with doggie boots and clothing such as a sweater.

The double layered coat of fur will certainly help to keep your Pom warm, but it is not a magical shield! If you will be spending a good amount of time outdoor in very warm to hot weather, do try to take breaks in the shade. If you believe that your Pom will be exposed to bright sunlight for longer than 20 minutes, it is recommended to dab some sun screen on vulnerable areas, such as the nose, tummy and certainly any sore spots that have thinned hairs. 
You may also be interested in:

Why does my Pomeranian bark so much - While toy breeds often get the rap of being 'yappers', the Pomeranian is not necessarily an incessant barker. There are usually triggers that owners can train for.
Why does my Pomeranian growl - Is this a sign of aggression and if so, what steps an owner should take when their puppy or dog makes growling noises at them.
Why does my Pomeranian have short hair - This breed is famous for its thick, double coat of hair, however there are a variety of reasons why the fur may not be as long as you think it should be.
Why does my Pomeranian smell bad - Even with proper grooming, sometimes a Pomeranian can have an odd odor, coming from all over or from one specific part of the body. Learn how to figure out what is causing the problem and how to resolve it. 
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