Causes of Dandruff
This issue is caused by dry skin. How does a Pom develop this? Don't worry that you did something wrong, this can happen to even the most pampered pets! There are 3 main causes:
1. Baths given too frequently or incorrectly.
2. A lack of certain vitamins and minerals
3. Sensitivity to temperature/ humidity levels
We will look at all 3 of these elements and then go over a list of things that you can do at home to cure and then prevent dandruff.
Some owners tend to think that giving a bath is what is necessary...as the suds and rinsing will wash away the flakes. While this is somewhat true, it is the element of giving too many baths that can cause the problem to begin with. The frequency, temperature, shampoo used, rinsing method and drying method all play a role.
Too many times in the tub can cause skin to become very dry...and this is what will lead to skin irritations, including dandruff. Unless your Pomeranian has run through a mud puddle, so try to give baths approximately every 3 weeks. Due to the size of this breed, we suggest using the kitchen sink. Do keep in mind all of the various chemical residue that can be in that sink before you begin! Be sure to have it sparkling clean and rinse it out very well before beginning.
Only a few inches are needed, as the goal is to clean your Pom well, not to have him or her take a swim! You will want to test the water temperature with the inside of your wrist. The goal will be to have it warm...not hot and not cold. Even without dandruff issues, you will always want to use a quality moisturizing shampoo that is great for Poms and then, separately a moisturizing conditioner. When dandruff is apparent, do not use human dandruff shampoo! It is much too harsh.