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Brushes, Tools


Best Brushes and Grooming Tools for a Pomeranian


If you don't pay attention to grooming, a Pom can start to look quite a mess rather quickly. But, if you stay on top of things, a Pomeranian can look beautiful, with shiny fur that falls nicely, and is free from mats, split ends, and other issues that will affect his appearance. 

There are several components that all work together to keep a Pomeranian looking his/her best:
  • The type of shampoo and coat products that you use
  • If the coat receives routine, slight trims to keep things tidy
  • The type of brushes and other grooming tools that you use on the coat
This section will discuss which brushes, combs, and other tools work best on Pomeranians. And, you'll find that you don't actually need a lot at all; you just to use the right ones at the right times. 
Pomeranian perfectly groomed
This Pom is so nicely groomed!
Fi Fi, at 12 months old,
photo courtesy of Amanda Perkins
Don't want to read the details and just want to know what to use? Jump to Recommended Brushes and Grooming Tools

The Order of Brushing

Before we dive into recommended brushes, it's important to understand the order of things. You will want to:

1 - Comb; this is to check the coat for any mats and to separate the hairs.

2 - If needed, stop to take care of any mats (tangles). 

3 - Brush, full; this is a full body brushing to remove the coat of dead hairs. 

4 - Brush, final: this is done to 'finish' the coat. 

Note that all of these steps should be performed using a light mist of a leave-in spritz. Combing and brushing a dry coat can lead to split ends and hairs that are stripped of their protective coating. 

Also please note that brushing during a heavy shed or to fix issues with a Pom whose coat has been neglected, is a different matter. We will touch on this as well, in the Under Coat section
perfect Pomeranian
A trim to keep it tidy, protecting the coat with quality shampoos and products, and using the right brushes to keep it groomed, can all lead to a Pom looking amazing.
Timon, photo courtesy of Laura Montanez

Why You Should Avoid Using the Wrong Tools

The effects of using the wrong brush or tool can be devastating. This can be immediate, where you just about have a heart attack in realizing that you just severely damaged the coat and are desperate for some type of reversal. 

Or, it can be more gradual damage over time; your Pom once had a gorgeous coat... but now, what happened? 

In addition, the wrong brushes or combs can make you wonder if you even brushed the coat at all; why doesn't it look any different? 

Several elements of grooming tools will either be detrimental or beneficial:

Material: Certain (often cheap) materials cause contact friction, damaging with each stroke. 

Pin spacing or inferior pins: The wrong pin type or sizing can literally rip hairs as you brush. 
Pin depth and type of brush: Needed for the brush to actually reach deep down enough to be effective. 


Please note: With each type of grooming tool, we will give you the details on what is needed; once we cover this for combs, mat remover tools, and brushes, we'll have a look at some personal recommendations.

If don't need to know about these details and want to get right to our recommendations, you can jump to Recommended Brushes and Grooming Tools
The best type of comb to use on a Pomeranian is a two-level steel comb. Alternatively, you may wish to use an appropriately sized one-level steel comb and a smaller face comb. 

Here is why this is needed: 
  • With two-level combs, one side will have wide teeth. You will want this spacing to be correct for your Pomeranian; the goal is to go over the coat to check for mats. Mats are small tangles that often start at the roots, but can quickly pull in more hairs each day, leading to huge knots that need to be snipped off). 
  • The wide spacing on the comb allows you to do this, and should a mat be present, it will not rip it out or terribly hurt your Pom. 
  • The wide-spaced comb will separate the hairs, which will make brushing the coat much easier. 
  • Stainless steel does not cause friction with the fur and it resists rusting (you'll want to wash the tools quite a bit to keep them clean). 
  • The side with the narrow teeth (or if you opt for a face comb) will be used on the face, down the chin, over the forehead, etc. This is needed because hairs here are much finer.
nice looking Pomeranian dog, tri merle
See these hairs, showing individually? This does not happen on its own. It's by using the right products and tools that a Pom can look like a model.
Pumba, photo courtesy of Laura Montanez

Mat Remover Tool

Please note: With each type of grooming tool, we will give you the details on what is needed; once we cover this for combs, mat remover tools, and brushes, we'll have a look at some personal recommendations.

If don't need to know about these details and want to get right to our recommendations, you can jump to Recommended Brushes and Grooming Tools
A mat remover tool is an important grooming tool to have for a Pomeranian. 

The reason these are vital is because Poms are very prone to developing mats. As we covered a bit before, tiny hairs can become twisted. This often starts near the roots. Then, as each day goes by without this being resolved, more hairs are pulled in.

Not only can this lead to such a huge mat that clipping it off would leave a big empty spot, but these often pinch at the skin, making them quite painful. 
You'll want to have one of these handy, whether your Pom develops a mat once a month or once a year. 

Since tangles develop close to the skin, trying to clip it off with a scissors is not a good idea. Additionally, these are specially designed to do the job without damaging any other part of the coat. 

These have short, tiny, slicing teeth that cut the tangled, twisted hair out of the coat; and it should do so very sharply as to not damage the hairs left behind near the roots. Be sure to obtain one that is small and well-sized for a Pomeranian (recommendations ahead). 


Please note: With each type of grooming tool, we will give you the details on what is needed; once we cover this for combs, mat remover tools, and brushes, we'll have a look at some personal recommendations.

If don't need to know about these details and want to get right to our recommendations, you can jump to Recommended Brushes and Grooming Tools
Having the right brush for routinely brushing your Pom is vital for several reasons:

1) While some Poms shed quite noticeably twice per year, all Poms shed to some degree year-round. This is because the fur growth cycle is never-ending. The coat is constantly being renewed and every follicle is in a rest, growth, or release state.
If these hairs are not pulled out, they will stay deep in the coat. This will:
  • Cause a Pomeranian to become much hotter in the summer than otherwise
  • Block proper air flow which can cause itching, rashes, and more.
  • Since these hairs are next to the skin, they will mix with natural body oils and start to become quite stinky. 
2) While the brush is allowing you to do the job of releasing the coat of dead hairs, it should also be stimulating hair follicles (massaging), which leads to healthy hair, skin, and good fur growth. 
3) During this process, you'll want the pins to be of quality, so that there is zero contact friction happening. This can lead to split ends and dry hair via damaged outer hair layers. 

Keeping this all in mind, the best type of brush for a Pomeranian for giving the coat a thorough brushing, is a properly sized, quality slicker brush (see ahead for recommendations). 

Finishing Brush or Comb

Once you have combed your Pom to check for mats and separate hairs, took care of any mats with a mat remover, and have gone over the entire coat with a properly sized slicker brush, now what? 

You may find that the hairs are not exactly falling the way you'd like... and your Pom may look a bit 'unfinished'. 

And this is because you'll want to go over the coat one last time to straighten out hairs and give the coat a finished look. There are 2 options for this. You can use a small pin brush (it should be well-spaced, and pins should be cushion-tipped), or you may wish to use the wide side of your two-level steel comb.  
well-brushed Pomeranian, tan with mouth open
This Pom knows how great he looks
Puppy (that is his name), photo courtesy of Noellyn Kisharn

Under Coat Help - Rakes and Tools for Heavy Sheds or Neglected Coats

While these two situations are very different from each other, the same type of grooming tools are appropriate to use in both of these scenarios.

Heavy sheds - The amount that a Pom sheds depends a lot of where you live. Though shedding is triggered by a decrease or increase in duration of sunshine, temperature plays a role as well. So, if you live somewhere that has 4 distinct seasons, your Pom may shed more than one that lives in an even climate. 

In addition, how much time a Pom spends outside and how often you routinely brush the coat, will affect how much dead hair is there.

This said, your Pom may be shedding a lot more than you think he is. A lot of the dead hairs fall back into the coat. So, unless you use your slicker brush often, and are reaching down to the skin, there can be a lot of hairs at the bottom of the coat.
Pomeranian after being brushed
Brushed, pretty, and ready to go!
photo courtesy of Sandra Oviedo
So, during a heavy shed, there may be so much fur to contend with that you'll want to use a different sort of tool to really pull them all out.

Neglected coats - This may apply to a rescued Pomeranian whose coat was not given enough attention until he found his way to you... Or, it can even apply to the most loving owners who just did not realize the need for the right brushes, how to use them, and how often to brush...and before you know it, a Pom may have a ton of fur trapped in his thick coat. 
In either case, the issue is the same: densely and tightly packed dead hairs way down deep that need something 'extra' to be properly pulled out. 
The best type of brush to use to fully pull out packed, dead hairs on a Pomeranian is an under-coat comb or rake (interchangeable terms).

Note, that sometimes an undercoat comb is also referred to as a de-matting comb; however, this will be different than the narrow de-matting comb that we already covered. The type to use for densely packed shedded hairs is a full-width comb that covers larger area and is designed with gripped teeth.

These are just like tiny rakes that are designed to not only reach down but also grip the dead hairs. 
Below are our top recommendations for undercoat rakes. If you do not see the images, try a refresh. And on mobile, you may need to turn your screen horizontal to see all 4. 

And next, we will cover what you need to know about dry-brushing Vs spritzed brushing. 

Using a Leave-in Spritz with Your Brushes or Combs

There are 2 main reasons why you do not want to brush a dry coat:

1 - With Pomeranians, you need to do lots of combing and brushing to keep them looking in tip-top shape. And if you do a lot of dry brushing and combing, this can cause static cling and a wearing down of the protective outer layers of the hairs. So, even if you use one of the best brushes available, it is only half of the needed equation. 
2 - Poms in general greatly benefits from leave-ins. These:
  • Offer protection from the sun (excessive sunlight in the summer can cause a 'burning' of fur, in which it will become discolored; most obvious on chocolates). In addition, the summer sun can cause hairs to dry out, which presents a whole host of other issues. During the summer, you may want to use a spritz with a sunscreen. 
  • Offer protection in the winter; dry, arid air in the winter often leads to dry skin and coat. A leave-in can help prevent this. 
  • Help protect from contact friction. Everything that you Pom lies down on, rubs against, or otherwise touches with his coat can wear away at the fur's cuticle (the outer most part of the hair shaft). Enough of this type of contact without a quality leave-in will lead to poor coat health and even split ends. 
  • Aids in keeping tangles away. A spritzed and brushed coat will tangle less than one left bare. 
  • As an added bonus, many of the good ones smell fantastic. So, every other day or every third day at the most, you'll be brushing your Pom and adding a fresh, pleasant fragrance to him or her. 
This said, note that you do not want to saturate the coat with spritz. If you use a lot too much of this sort of product, you'll be weighing the coat down, and excessive product can lead to an oily look and feel. 

The idea is to mist.
How to use this: 
  • A quality leave-in should be lightly spritzed on about every 2 to 3 days, which is just about how often you should be brushing your Pom. 
  • When you do the first combing, spritz the comb (not the fur), repeat every 3 to 5 strokes. 
  • When you do the full brushing, you'll want to work in sections, spritzing 1/2 inch (puppies) to 1 inch (adult Poms) from the roots, and then use the brush to distribute this down to the tips. 
  • If tips look dry or frizzed, spray some leave-in into your hands and use your fingers to scrunch some extra on the hair tips. 
  • For very young pups or for Pomeranians going through the puppy uglies, you can spray the leave-in into your palms and then run your hands over the coat. 
Our top recommended spritzes are below. Note that the first one, Ice on Ice, is for summer, as it contains a sunscreen. Nootie and The Stuff are great all year-round.

If you do not see the images, try a refresh. And on mobile, you may need to turn your screen horizontal to see all 4. 
You May Also Be Interested In:
The Best Shampoos for a Pomeranian - What works best, depending on what is happening with your Pom. 
The Best Toys for Pomeranians - For teethers, Poms that are bored, those having troubles being home alone, and for enthusiastic chewers, see what works best. 
Pomeranian Supplies - Want to see the whole round-up of what you'll want to have? This gives you a great summary. 
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