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Pomeranian Grooming - Puppies and Adults

Why Proper Grooming is So Important

In regard to grooming, the Pomeranian breed is on the higher level of maintenance; this is due to both the frequency that certain grooming elements should be done and the amount of tasks involved with that. However, when allowed to become used to this at a young age, the Pom is wonderful at learning to tolerate being touched and many grow to enjoy grooming sessions.

You will want to fall into a solid grooming routine and perfect your grooming skills for both aesthetic and health reasons.
If grooming is not performed on a regular basis, things can spiral out of control rather quickly.

Does a Pomeranian need to be shaved down during hot weather? No! There is no reason to shave down your Pom's beautiful coat because the weather is hot. If the inner layer is shaved, the coat will may never grow back again to what it once was. The Pomeranian is famous for his long coat and shaving it down actually does very little to cool off a dog. During time of hot weather, exercise or go for daily walks early in the day and/or later the evening and offer plenty of water when you are outside for an extended time.

Trimming (not shaving down to look like Boo the Pomeranian) is perfectly fine and is usually done via a professional dog keep the coat looking nice and trim off any excess fur (such as long fur on the paws, etc).

A minor trim to keep things neat and tidy can be done every 2 to 3 months as needed. The goal will NOT be to cut the coat down, but rather to straighten out pieces that may have grown a bit longer than others and to trim off 1/8 to 1/4 inches of tips if they look dried out. A" re-fresh" such as this every so often can help to maintain the rounded look and allow the longer guard hairs to stand up properly.

Many owners choose to trim (or shave down in this one exception) the hair around the anus for hygienic reasons and this is perfectly fine. In fact, it can help a great deal in keeping the overall coat clean since feces so easily can become stuck to long hairs in that area.


Dewclaws are generally always removed on some breeds, such as the Chihuahua before a person is even given the new puppy. However, with the Pomeranian, the decision to keep or remove dewclaws is usually left up to the owner and will depend on several elements. For more details, you may wish to read our dewclaw section. 

Nail trimming must be done every 2 to 3 months with no exceptions. If you have never trimmed a dog's nails before, you may want to opt for a professional dog groomer to do so.  Though, we find that using an electric grinder works much better; it is very quick and there is less chance of making mistakes since it simply files the nail down as opposed to cutting. The only drawback is the noise; however a quality model will not be much more than a 'whir' and all but the most skittish of Poms can easily adapt to this. 
happy Pomeranian
It's important to remind yourself to take a look at the nails, as many owners overlook this area and don't realize a need until they hear that 'click-clack' of long nails upon a hard-surface floor. Left to grow too long, they can rapidly become ingrown.

Grooming the Coat

Suffice it to say, if you have a Pomeranian you will need to be able to set aside a reasonable time for grooming and hopefully will enjoy the tasks. Putting effort into grooming a Pom can be very rewarding. This breed is famous for his soft, fluffy fur and this is achieved by being groomed correctly. If you have a Pom that has a flat coat or does not have the "Pom look" that you expected, most likely it is just a matter of technique (and perhaps the need for a slight trim to 'round' things out).

Many people wonder if there is a difference in care for either male or female Pomeranians, however other than extra shedding after a heat cycle that requires more brushing, grooming care will be the same. 

Grooming Tips

1) Poms are famous for their fur and they do require some extra care. You'll want to make changes depending on the season. See: Winter Care.

2) You'll want to prevent tangles and matts in a Pomeranian's coat. This happens when strands of hairs twist together and form a knot.  Brushing on a regular basis will help stop tangles from forming. The correct method is: comb, brush, comb. If you do notice a tangle, lather up your hands with your Pom's bath conditioner and try to work out the knot. You'll need some patience and so will your Pom, so offer him an interesting toy while you do your best. If you are not able to remove it, you'll want to snip it off using sharp scissors (be careful) or a de-matting tool. By snipping it off, it will stop that tangle from otherwise pulling in even more hairs and growing out of control.   

3) Never brush a dry coat.  This can create all sorts of issues. While doing this one time will not ruin a coat, dry-brushing will have cumulative effects that can destroy the fur over time; fur can weaken resulting in split ends, there can be removal of the protective layer of the hair shaft and more. Use a leave-in coat spray that will:
  • Protect the coat from contact friction
  • Help to prevent dead ends
  • Will offer a layer of protection from the sun (which can fade a coat) and cold weather (which can dry out skin & fur)
  • Aid in stopping static issues
  • Will add a nice, clean scent
4) The type of shampoo you use is very important and human shampoo should not be used. Generic dog shampoos can dry out the fur and even cause moderate to severe itching. Please use a quality shampoo that will keep the coat healthy. The grooming products that you use will have a large impact on the health of your Pom's coat. Be choosy about which shampoos, conditioners and leave-in sprays you use.

5) The right grooming tools will stimulate the skin in a healthy way, distribute body oils down the hair shafts and fluff the coat. Cheap grooming tools will not accomplish this and additionally can cause breakage to the hairs.  A slicker brush is great for pulling out shedded hairs. A pin brush is best for grooming the coat to keep the fur healthy. You'll also want to use a double-sided metal comb to check for tangles. For your comb, opt for a 2 level metal comb. The side with the wider teeth is good for the whole coat; the side with the finer teeth is perfect for small areas such as the face and, if applicable, to go around dewclaws.

*** If you are not sure which bathing products, slicker brushes, pin brushes and combs are best for the Pom, we have a full list in the Pomeranian Specialty Shoppe.

At what age should you begin giving your Pom baths? When the dam stops cleaning her puppies, is typically when a breeder will begin to take over the grooming. This usually happens when the puppy is approximately 6-7 weeks old.

If you have a Pom that had puppies, you will want to keep an eye on them to see when dam is passing the job over to you.

Before the age of 8 weeks, you will simply wipe down the body to clean it using a very soft washcloth with warm water. This hands on care is a very important element for the first steps of socialization for the help him or her become used to people, touch and handling.  You can give regular baths to a Pom puppy when he is 8 weeks old.
Giving Pomeranian a bath
A large tub may seem overwhelming, so you may wish to begin with a small amount of water in your kitchen sink. A non-slip mat or a small towel placed on the bottom surface will help prevent slipping. Be sure to use warm water (test with the inside of your wrist). Have all needed supplies close at hand. Fill the sink with 1 to 2 inches of water before placing your puppy in, as running the tap can be scary for dogs that are not used to it. To prevent water from entering the ear canals, place appropriate sized pieces of cotton ball in the outer canal (don't push in far). 

Scrub all areas of the body including tails, legs, under-belly, etc. When rinsing, it is best to use a spray nozzle if you have one, as this allows the water to more easily reach down to the skin. Proper rinsing is an essential part of grooming, since any shampoo residue left on the coat or skin will become caked on the skin, causing blockage of healthy air circulation and result in both skin and coat issues.

When both shampooing and conditioning is complete, remove the cotton and be sure to dry all areas with a soft, absorbent towel. Never rub the towel onto the coat; instead use a patting motion to absorb moisture and be sure to dry the ear leathers, both inside and out as moisture buildup there can cause issues. 
Can you Over-Brush a Pomeranian?

We wanted to address a common question that we've been receiving lately... Several Pom owners have asked if there is such a thing as brushing too much and if a person can accidentally brush out too much of the dense undercoat. Others phrase this by asking if a person should brush until no more fur comes out. Please note that any hairs that come out with a normal brush stroke are dead hairs. Do not be afraid to brush down to the skin and pull the brush up and out, pulling out those dead hairs.

In fact, doing this is important for healthy skin and coat, since those shedded hairs, if left there, will block healthy air circulation. In worse case scenarios, a heavy build up of loose hairs can block air circulation to such a degree (and trap water like a sponge) that skin yeast infections can develop. 

It is not possible to remove healthy, alive hairs simply by brushing. So, anything that can be removed during grooming should be removed. 

Now, when it comes to the question of grooming until no more hairs come out, that is another thing... You could spend 12 hours brushing your little ball of fluff if you try to meet this goal... It's a bit like de-linting a fuzzy blanket. Every time you roll the lint brush, you're sure to pick up something!

So, when you groom your Pomeranian give the coat a good, thorough brushing, reaching down through the inner layer, go over the coat with a comb to make sure that any and all tangles are removed, but do not try to remove each and every hair since that will never be able to be accomplished. 

In addition, since the coat should never be brushed while dry (mist with a light leave in conditioner) if you were to keep misting and brushing over and over, either the coat would have a build up of conditioner (which would weigh it down and look oily) or the coat could dry out and develop split ends from over-brushing. 
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