Brushing the Undercoat of a Pomeranian
Q: What is the best method to brush the undercoat of a Pomeranian. And do I brush my male and my female in the same way?
~ Owner Pam, Pom Josie
Hi Pam. In regard to gender, yes you will groom both your male and female Pom using the same methods.
In regard to technique, this is a good question because if the undercoat is ignored too much and just the overcoat is brushed to give a Pom that fluffy look, this can lead to big problems.
It is the Pomeranian's undercoat, when groomed properly, that helps the outer coat stand out and be fluffy as it should be. The undercoat of the Pomeranian would slowly mat up to the point of extreme matting. It would be hidden by the top coat, until it was too late. This would most likely lead to either the fur falling out or the mats having to be all cut off. That would most definitely lead to a very uncomfortable Pom and certainly one that looked a mess.
Type of tools:
To begin, the type of brush that you use to groom your Pomeranian's undercoat is vitally important. There are so many types of dog brushes. If the wrong dog brush is used, grooming simply won't be able to be done correctly. For regular brushing, a quality slicker brush should be used. It should be flexible. It should also be sized for a Pomeranian dog.
Also, a good 2-level comb, a finishing brush, leave-in spray, and a mat remover tool should all be in your small, yet important grooming tools for your Pom.
Once you have the correct tools, know that grooming is so much easier if you brush your Pom every day, or every other day. Some owners choose to groom their dog perhaps twice per week. This simply leads to matting of the fur and more work. A good daily dog grooming, perhaps taking 10 minutes per day will save a lot of work in the long run.
Be sure to remove both collar and harness before doing a full-body brushing. You won't want these accessories getting in the way of being able to do nice, long strokes over the coat.
The order for this is:
Comb (to check for mats and separate hairs), brush (to pull out dead hairs and refresh the coat), and finish (a 'once-over' with a pin brush to set the hairs and make the Pom look tidy).
When you brush your Pomeranian, your goal is to free the dense undercoat from the skin and from the outer coat. Take 1 inch (2.5 cm) sections of the fur into your hand. Using the flexible slicker dog brush, gently grab the fur from the very base, right next to the skin with the brush. Brush through, all the way to the end. Go slowly, in case there is any matted fur. If there is a mat, attempt to work it out by spraying a light dog conditioner onto the fur and using a wire comb. Again, brushing your dog each day should stop any potential matting.
Once you brush from base to end 3 times on a section, you should then begin teasing the fur. Beginning again at the base, make quick light motions of brushing the fur up and out. Do this as you bring the dog brush from base to end to tease the fur, both undercoat and over coat. It is at this time that you should notice the real difference between the 2 different coats on your Pomeranian. Since the undercoat is so thick, with this teasing method, you will be able to see how it stands up to then cause the outer coat to fluff out.
It is important to do this for every area on your dog's body. All fur points are important, including the sometimes forgotten paws and tail. Once an owner gets used to this method, it becomes very quick and easy. This leads to a super fluffed out Pom and a happy owner.