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How To Brush


How to Brush Pomeranian

Brushing the Undercoat of a Pomeranian

Q: What is the best method to brush the undercoat of a Pomeranian. And do I brush my male and my female in the same way? ~ Owner Pam, Pom Josie

A: Hi Pam. In regard to gender, yes you will groom both your male and female Pom using the same methods.

In regard to technique, this is a good question because if the undercoat is ignored too much and just the overcoat is brushed to give a Pom that fluffy look, this can lead to big problems. 

It is the Pomeranian's undercoat, when groomed properly, that helps the outer coat stand out and be fluffy as it should be. The undercoat of the Pomeranian would slowly mat up to the point of extreme matting. It would be hidden by the top coat, until it was too late. This would most likely lead to either the fur falling out or the mats having to be all cut off. That would most definitely lead to a very uncomfortable Pom and certainly one that looked a mess.

Type of tools: 

To begin, the type of brush that you use to groom your Pomeranian's undercoat is vitally important. There are so many types of dog brushes. If the wrong dog brush is used, grooming simply won't be able to be done correctly. For regular brushing, a quality slicker brush should be used. It should be flexible. It should also be sized for a Pomeranian dog. 

Also, a good 2-level comb, a finishing brush, leave-in spray, and a mat remover tool should all be in your small, yet important grooming tools for your Pom

Once you have the correct tools, know that grooming is so much easier if you brush your Pom every day, or every other day. Some owners choose to groom their dog perhaps twice per week. This simply leads to matting of the fur and more work. A good daily dog grooming, perhaps taking 10 minutes per day will save a lot of work in the long run.


Be sure to remove both collar and harness before doing a full-body brushing. You won't want these accessories getting in the way of being able to do nice, long strokes over the coat.

The order for this is:

Comb (to check for mats and separate hairs), brush (to pull out dead hairs and refresh the coat), and finish (a 'once-over' with a pin brush to set the hairs and make the Pom look tidy). 


When you brush your Pomeranian, your goal is to free the dense undercoat from the skin and from the outer coat. Take 1 inch (2.5 cm) sections of the fur into your hand. Using the flexible slicker dog brush, gently grab the fur from the very base, right next to the skin with the brush. Brush through, all the way to the end. Go slowly, in case there is any matted fur. If there is a mat, attempt to work it out by spraying a light dog conditioner onto the fur and using a wire comb. Again, brushing your dog each day should stop any potential matting.

Once you brush from base to end 3 times on a section, you should then begin teasing the fur. Beginning again at the base, make quick light motions of brushing the fur up and out. Do this as you bring the dog brush from base to end to tease the fur, both undercoat and over coat. It is at this time that you should notice the real difference between the 2 different coats on your Pomeranian. Since the undercoat is so thick, with this teasing method, you will be able to see how it stands up to then cause the outer coat to fluff out.

It is important to do this for every area on your dog's body. All fur points are important, including the sometimes forgotten paws and tail. Once an owner gets used to this method, it becomes very quick and easy. This leads to a super fluffed out Pom and a happy owner.
Brushing Questions

What is the best type of brush to use on a Pomeranian? There are actually two different brushes that you'll want to have in your grooming kit. The first is a slicker brush sized for toy breeds. This will be used to brush out shedded hairs from the coat. The second type of brush you'll want is a pin brush. This is your finishing brush to go over the coat to make it look nice and pretty.  It separate the hairs and allow the fur to fall nicely.

What grooming tools do I need for my Pomeranian? A grooming tool kit for a Pom should include:
  • Slicker brush - To de-shed the coat
  • Pin brush - As a finishing brush
  • Metal comb - To help find tangles
  • Leave-in spritz spray - To mist before brushing
  • Nail trimmers or a grinder - Many owners find a grinder to be a much easier tool to use; it spins so fast you can file nails in a matter of minutes
  • Eye wipes - To keep the eye area clean and to help prevent tear stains
  • Nose balm - To put on the nose to prevent sunburn in the summer and a dry chapped nose in the winter
How often should I brush my Pomeranian? While you can probably be okay doing this every 3 days or so, the longer you go in between brushings, the more you risk a tangle developing. We recommend taking 5 to 10 minutes per day to go over the entire coat. 

How long should I brush my Pomeranian for?  If you brush your Pom each day, you'l really only need to spend 5 minutes or so to do this.  However if you're doing this every other day or every 3rd day, you'll find it takes a bit longer, up to 10 minutes.  If an owner were to only brush once a week, they would need to invest a lot of time - perhaps 30 minutes or more - since much of that time will be needed to pull out a week's worth of accumulated hairs and to work out any knots.  You'll find that grooming is a lot easier if you make it part of your daily routine. 

Is it really bad to brush a dry coat?  Brushing a dry coat one time won't ruin a Pomeranian's fur, but doing this on a regular basis can do quite a bit of damage. The fur can get static problems, which cause split ends... This causes the coat to look frizzy and hairs can break off.  To keep the fur soft, smooth and healthy, use a lightweight leave-in conditioner spritz each time you do a full body brushing. 

How can you make a squirming puppy stay still for brushing?  It's not uncommon for a Pom puppy to have a low tolerance level to sit still for a full brushing and when a pup wiggles around it can take what would have been a 5 minute session and drag it out for twice that long or more. Owners should never shy away from any task that is a needed one just because a Pom isn't tolerant. It is the regular exposure to that task that will allow the pup to become accustomed to it.

Try to brush your Pomeranian at the same time each day (dogs are great at getting used to things when they know when it is to happen and they have wonderful internal time clocks), talk to your dog in a pleasant matter-of-fact tone (don't' sound too soothing or it may reinforce that there is something wrong) and offer reward when done (even if your puppy did wiggle through the whole session).  

Can I use my own hair brush on my Pomeranian?  I lost her brush.  There are so many different human hair brushes that it'd be impossible to say if this would be good or bad. However there is rarely a fur emergency that is so pressing that it can't wait until you can replace your Pom's brush. With this said, we would not recommend using your brush- no matter what type it is - and instead use the recommended slicker and pin brushes. 

Should I brush my Pomeranian outside? When owners are doing a full de-shedding brushing and know in advance that they'll be pulling a lot of dead hairs out of the coat, as long as the weather is tolerable enough that your Pom will be comfortable, it's perfectly okay and a rather good idea to brush your Pomeranian outside. The wind can sweep that hair away (and maybe some cute little birds will use it to make a nest). This can also keep your floors and your clothes from getting fur on it, so yes, it's a good idea. 
Can you Over-Brush a Pomeranian?

Several Pom owners have asked if there is such a thing as brushing too much and if a person can accidentally brush out too much of the dense undercoat. Others phrase this by asking if a person should brush until no more fur comes out. 

Please note that any hairs that come out with a normal brush stroke are dead hairs. Do not be afraid to brush down to the skin and pull the brush up and out, pulling out those dead hairs.

In fact, doing this is important for healthy skin and coat, since those shedded hairs, if left there, will block healthy air circulation. In worse case scenarios, a heavy build up of loose hairs can block air circulation to such a degree (and trap water like a sponge) that skin yeast infections can develop. 

It is not possible to remove healthy, alive hairs simply by brushing. So, anything that can be removed during grooming should be removed. 

Now, when it comes to the question of grooming until no more hairs come out, that is another thing... You could spend 12 hours brushing your little ball of fluff if you try to meet this goal... It's a bit like de-linting a fuzzy blanket. Every time you roll the lint brush, you're sure to pick up something!

So, when you groom your Pomeranian give the coat a good, thorough brushing, reaching down through the inner layer, go over the coat with a comb to make sure that any and all tangles are removed, but do not try to remove each and every hair since that will never be able to be accomplished. 

In addition, since the coat should never be brushed while dry (mist with a light leave in conditioner) if you were to keep misting and brushing over and over, either the coat would have a build up of conditioner (which would weigh it down and look oily) or the coat could dry out and develop split ends from over-brushing. 
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