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Pomeranian Shedding Information


There are 2 types of Pomeranian shedding. The first is the Puppy Uglies, when a Pomeranian puppy loses his puppy fur and his adult fur then grows in. The 2nd is when adult Pomeranians shed.

Pomeranian Puppy Shedding

Between the ages of 4 to 6 months old, a Pomeranian puppy will begin shedding his puppy fur. Each puppy is different therefore this process will take approximately 5 months for the adult coat to be fully grown in. The soft, one layered coat sheds off and is replaced with the double coat of a thick, dense inner layer and an outer layer of long guard hairs.
Interestingly, the color of the fur can change quite drastically during this time as well.  For example, a black Pom with a touch of brown can end up with a chocolate brown coat or a Pom puppy that is white with a touch of brindle can loose all the brindle and end up with a dark, cream coat.

During this time of Pomeranian puppy shedding, the dog can look quite silly, with funny patches of missing fur. This stage is only temporary and is completely normal. By about 10 months old, you'll really notice that the adult fur is coming in nicely on your Pomeranian puppy and by about the 12 to 15 month mark, the full coat should be grown in.

You'll notice a difference in feel of the coat; the baby soft fur will be replaced with a more textured coat of guard hairs.  When using the right quality products, the fur will still be soft and healthy, but it will be noticeably thicker and have more weight to it. 
before and after Pomeranian shedding
A merle Pomeranian puppy before, during and after the heavy shed of puppy to adult coat.
Photos courtesy of Keen Pomeranians
Pomeranian Adult Shedding

When does the Pomeranian do its major shedding? This can vary depending on the climate of where you live and your Pom's environment.

The shedding process in dogs is triggered, in part, by changes in light. Adult Pomeranian shedding, if ruled by the changes in light, happens twice per year.

1- When days start to become shorter. This triggers the body to shed some fur as a thicker winter coat grows in.

2- When days start to become longer. This again sends a trigger to the dog's body to shed the slightly thicker winter coat that previously grew in.

This type of shedding will be noticeable for approximately 2 months, for each of the time periods.

Exceptions: Seasonal shedding will be more noticeable for those that also experience a change in temperature as well. Additionally, because Pomeranians are inside dogs and experience artificial lighting all year round, this can disrupt the natural shedding season. A Pom, therefore, may not enter a specific heavy shedding season and may instead shed lightly throughout the entire year.
Year Round Shedding

It must be noted that whether or not your dog has a seasonal shed or not, there will always be a year-round constant shed of the coat. This is because a dog's fur is quite like a humans in the aspect that it has a growth cycle. 

It grows, pauses and falls out on a continual basis. It is for this reason, that owners must be prepared to brush out the coat to pull out dead, shedded hairs on a routine basis, regardless of the time of year, season or weather. 

How Much Fur Loss is Normal During Shedding?

Unlike a puppy, if an adult losses so much fur that he has patches missing or the entire coat has thinned to a point of being able to see skin, this is not normal. 
adult white Pomeranian
Jasper Finley, 17 months old
Photo courtesy of owner: Nikkie B.
The adult Pomeranian does not lose that much fur during shedding. If your dog is losing fur to this severity, this is a medical issue. Any number of canine health issues could cause such a thing, from allergies to Red Mange to a thyroid problem. A veterinarian must perform a complete checkup and a battery of tests.


While rare, this is a problem specific to this breed. Fur grows in with an odd wooly type texture and then will fall out. Read more about: BSD.
Undercoat VS Overcoat

You may be wondering, does a Pomeranian shed the undercoat or the overcoat? It is the undercoat that an adult Pomeranian sheds. Normally, the undercoat will shed over time and if a Pom stays in the shedding season long enough, the entire undercoat will shed off, as new fur grows in. Because new fur is growing as old fur is shedding off, you will not see your Pom with his undercoat missing.

It is not normal for the entire undercoat to shed off in one quick swipe! This type of excessive shedding points to a medical problem.
The Importance of Pulling Out Shedded Hairs
Do keep in mind that since the majority of the shedded fur will be from that inner layer, it is very important to use a proper de-shedding tool to pull out those dead hairs. If not, they will mat at the skin, blocking off healthy air circulation. As they clump on the skin, they will soak in the moisture of the dog's body oil secretions and this can cause many issues including a terrible smell and skin yeast infections.

In addition, when a Pomeranian sheds, the fallen hairs - if not pulled out - will become entangled with intact fur. This can cause terrible matting issues. Once a matt forms, it takes quite a bit of effort to remove it without having to snip it off. Applying canine conditioner and very slowly working it out with the tip of a grooming comb should eventually work. If not, the fur must be clipped before the matted ball becomes any larger. Read more about: Grooming.
Female Pomeranian Shedding

Both males and female Pomeranians will shed as mentioned above. However, if a female Pomeranian is not spayed, she will shed much more than a male Pomeranian. Unspayed female Poms will also shed:

• During and after heat cycles
• Directly after having puppies and throughout the whelping process
• If experiencing stress
Pomeranian with nice coat
Angel, 5 years, 4 months old
Photo courtesy of Alba C. Marquez de la Plata-Ghitis
Tips to Control Shedding with Pomeranians

Shedding fur is a healthy, natural renewal process that keeps the coat renewed and owners should not (nor would they be successful) in trying to stop this. However, there are steps you can take to keep it under control and also to stop your house from filling up with fur.

1) There are 2 main types of brushes. One is a de-shedding tool. It works to latch onto hairs that are deep in the coat, allowing you to pull them out as you stroke up and out with the brush. The other type of brush is to distribute body oils, fluff up the coat and make the fur look nice. 
So, be sure to use the shedding brush on a regular basis to free your Pomeranian's coat of dead hairs. Once done, you can use your finishing brush and/or comb to tidy up.
2) Set aside specific grooming times. It's much more easier to sit down with your Pom and brush the coat if you have a schedule for this. For many owners, a good time for dealing with a shedding coat is after dinner when the family is relaxing in the living room.

3) If the weather is nice, groom your Pomeranian outside. As long as it is warm and dry, pulling out shedded hairs outdoors is often a better option than making a mess inside.

4) If you've had your Pom for at least one year and you've never ran a tape lint roller over your carpeting, you will most likely be shocked if you do so. Shedding fur falls into carpeting and entwines itself with the fibers. If you take a tape lint roller and firmly run it over the rugs, you'll most likely see tons of fur picked up by this. And regular vacuums just don't have the suction to pull them out. Using a strong vacuum specifically for homes with pets work well; and the extra benefit is that quality ones will also have HEPA certified filters that will trap allergen that may be affecting your Pomeranian (and your human family members too).  After you use your lint-roller to see how many hairs were embedded in the carpet, be sure to de-lint your sofas and other furniture.

5) Don't miss section of the coat. When a dog is shedding, owners tend to focus on the back, since it is the largest body area of the dog. However, fur falls out from every body part, even the tail. Therefore, an important step in stopping a heavy shed is to pull out hairs from the legs, ruff and tail as well as the back.

6) Keep up with baths every 3 weeks. Right after a bath, you'll be able to groom out a good amount of dead fur since the shampooing process will loosen them.
You May Also be Interested in:

Pomeranian colors - This breed can be found in an amazing variety of coat colors.
Why Pomeranians can Look so Different - Poms can range from tiny to sturdy, have different face shapes and look drastically different depending on age.
Best Toothpaste for Poms - With tooth decay being such a prevalent and serious issue, grabbing any brush and paste is simply not good enough to keep a Pomeranian healthy. Read about how to know you have the right paste.
Pomeranian Skin Problems - From dandruff to itchy skin... to issues that affect the coat, this article discusses what can happen and steps to resolve skin problems. 
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