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Pomeranian Information

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Overview of Colors

Here is some help to explain the colors of a Pomeranian dog:

Chocolate: A medium brown
Beaver: A mix of white, grey, brown and black
Cream: A lowly saturated light to medium yellow. Creams will always have black noses.
Sable: Black tipped hairs; most commonly seen on a background color of silver, gold, grey or brown
Red: Actually a reddish orange color Pomeranian
Brindle: Technically this is a pattern. This Pomeranian has a base color of gold, red or orange - with strong black cross stripes
Blue: A blue Pomeranian is a diluted black color, there is blue pigment on the nose and eyes. A true blue will not have a full black nose.
Parti-color: A coat of two colors; each covering more than would be seen with a simple marking.

Pomeranian Dog Stat Information

Family: Spitz
Breed Group: Toy
Country of Development: Pomerania (which is now modern day Poland and Germany)
Height: 8 - 11 inches (20.32 - 27.94 cm)
Weight: 3 - 7 lbs ( 1.36 - 3.175 kg)
According to the breed standard, a Pomeranian should not weigh more than 7 lbs (3.175 kg), and not less than 3 lbs (1.36 kg). However, some Poms have been known to weigh as much as more than 18 pounds (8.165kg).
Life Expectancy: 12 - 16 yrs. They will live well into their late teens if given proper care. See: Age
Alternate Names: Deutscher Zwergspitz, Toy German Spitz,Dwarf Spitz
Nickname: Pom (Poms)
Well Known Bloodlines: Valcopy, Pettistree, Emcee, Rosewood, Millamor, Bev-Nor, Chriscendo, Golden Aires
Maturity: Adult at 1 year old
Litter size: 1-5
Allergies

Not just humans have allergies, a Pomeranian can have allergies too. More than 20% of all dogs suffer from allergies, with flea allergy dermatitis being the most common form. Your Pom may also suffer from food allergies, contact or environmental allergies.You may think he has a cold or is having tummy issues, but this could be allergies and usually relatively easy to resolve if you know what to look for.
Exclusive Photo Gallery

Do you have an adorable, incredible, cute Pomeranian dog? Share your Pom with the world ! Your dog's photo will appear, along with their name and your name! Join in with the biggest Pom Photo Gallery anywhere!

This is a great way to let the whole world see just how cute and wonderful your pet is! We reach over 50,000 people per month, so this is your chance to shine!
Different Types of Pomeranians

While there is only 1 Pomeranian breed as there are set AKC standards, there are a lot of variations of appearance.

Here we discuss:

Worried About Leaving Your Pomeranian Home Alone?

Many Pomeranian owners will need to learn about the facts of Separation Anxiety. You will know your pet Pomeranian is suffering from this if you return to a home that appears destroyed , if your Pomeranian that is usually house trained begins to eliminate in your home, or if he barks endlessly when you are not home.There are a couple of ways to help.

We have a great section on this, with lots of details to help you with all of the aspects of Separation Anxeity
Miniatures and Toys

While there is no such recognized breed as the Miniature or Teacup Pomeranians,  there are owners of Poms that are smaller than the standard.

They will be under 3 pounds.

Let's look at this issue to discuss the ethics of purposefully breeding for smaller than standards and care of these tiny Poms, including possible health issues to be aware of.  
Age & Care Issues

We understand that you have questions and are seeking information regarding these important elements. We have sections regarding:


Pomeranian Eye Color
Dental Care

Dogs will get cavities and decay just as humans do, if their teeth are not cleaned. And for toy breeds in particular, this can cause serious issues. Infection may cause not only loose teeth, but it can spread into the lungs, heart and other parts of the body.
There are methods to teach a Pom to tolerate this grooming aspect and also other options from standard brushing. It is a fact that dogs can die from dental disease that is left untreated.

Some dogs, when finally brought to the vet for a dental cleaning, will have decay that is so bad their teeth need to be extracted. While some chews and dental snacks can be beneficial; these should be considered supplemental cleaning methods on top of at home dental care.  See: Dental Care
Shedding & Fur Loss
 
Pomeranians have two coats of fur: an undercoat and a top coat. The undercoat is soft, thick and dense. The Pom's overcoat is comprised of long and straight guard hairs. Pomeranians go through a period which is called the "Puppy Uglies", this stage happens between the ages of 5 to 6 months. During this time, your pet is going through his "adolescence". 

This is a naturally occurring event and is nothing to be alarmed about. When your Pomeranian reaches the approximate age of 1 year he will have grown a beautiful new coat.    

With proper care, that coat can remain beautiful. Normally shedding cycles will never be so severe as the pup to adult change over. At the one year mark, you'll start to notice seasonal shedding.  The details of the shedding process are vastly different, depending if you have a male or a female. If your Pomeranian is suddenly and unexpectedly losing fur, there are several reasons for this and we offer guidance and advice for all of them.

Males: Once reaching 18 months of age, a male Pom's coat will stay relatively the same for it's life. There will be a light shed, this can be once or twice per year, depending on where you live...as the seasons and temperature will have a direct affect. 

Females: Hormonal changes and the change of seasons greatly affect a female 's coat.
"The great pleasure of a dog, is that you can make a fool of yourself and he will not scold you...he will make a fool of himself also." 
Pomeranian puppy with yellow ball
Female Pomeranians will shed while in heat or right as the cycle ends due to a fluctuation in hormone levels. They will also shed after pregnancy (an average size litter is 1 - 5 pups, however a litter can be as large as 7) and her coat will regrow back in about 6 months. 

Both Genders: Any anesthetics can dramatically affect his/her coat. Certain health issues can affect the coat. There is a breed specific issue termed BSD, while rare, can cause dramatic changes. Both males and females may shed when experiencing extreme stress.

We have sections on Pomeranian hair growth and the question of Shaved Poms, including Lion Cuts.
Pomeranian white and tan
Grooming

Pomeranians are sometimes called "Puffballs with feet" and require careful grooming. Poms do not need as much grooming as some other long haired dogs, however you should brush your Pom 2 or 3 times a week minimum. Brushing and then combing will be important to keep tangles away. Be prepared to do extra brushing when your dog is shedding.

This toy dog's coat should not be brushed when it is dry. It is best to mist the coat with a light conditioning spray. A slicker brush is good for pulling hairs from the coat and a pin brush is recommended maintenance grooming for a Pomeranian dog. 
All loose hair from the dog must be removed on a regular basis or a Pomeranian may get mats which may need to be removed by clipping. 

In the case of pet Pomeranians, for the purpose of cleanliness, it is recommended to clip the hair around the Pom's anus. When brushing your pet, make sure to pay attention to the area behind the ears and the groin area, as these areas are problem areas prone to knots and tangles.

For pets, baths are given once every 3 weeks. It is very important to wash your Pom on a regular basis because dirt and dust are abrasive to it's coat. Also, routine cleanings will rid the skin of excess body oils that can clog pores. Shampooing and conditioning with quality products is helpful in stopping many of the skin irritations that Poms can have. 

Show dogs should be bathed weekly and at 4 to 6 week intervals during winter months.  It is recommended that show dogs be bathed 2 to 3 days before a show.The use of talcum powder should be done very sparingly.  

Nails should be kept as short as possible on this toy dog. Trimming should be done at least every 3 months. If your pet has any un-removed dewclaws, keep those trimmed short also. If nails are not trimmed regularly, they will become overgrown and pinch into the flesh. See: Grooming. 
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