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Pomeranian
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Pomeranian Information

There are pets and there are canine family members. Anyone can have the former, but it takes a kind, loving soul to have the latter. We welcome you to PetPom, your 1-stop information center, where we are dedicated to helping you achieve optimal health and happiness for your Pomeranian. 

The Wonderful Pomeranian

This amazing toy breed dog gets its name from the area that is now modern day Germany and Poland: Pomerania, and is a descendant of much larger Spitz dogs. 

As soon as his size was bred down, colors were added in, making this a sought-after, toy sized companion. 

The Pomeranian was recognized by the AKC in 1888 and since that time has become one of the most popular breeds in countries all over the world. 
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New Right Now:

halloween-announcement
Winners have been chosen!
The 2017 Pomeranian Halloween Costume Contest brought 102 Poms in costume together on PetPom for a rockin' good time. 
  • See all of the contestants
  • Winners have been chosen, for Best Costume, and 5 other categories. Congratulations to all of the awesome Poms that joined in this year and the creativity of their humans. 
  • Check out winners and contestants from previous years
Pomeranian Smells and Odors - Updated - If your Pom has any sort of odd or funny smell, this newly updated page will help you get to the bottom of it, with exact steps to resolve the issue. 

Also New:

Pomeranian Puppy Care - Updated - If you have a Pom under the age of one, this completely rewritten article has some great, new, detailed advice. And a top 10 do's and don'ts list. 
House Training a Pomeranian - Updated - This article has been re-written with more details, and exact step-by-step guidelines. 
Taking Care of a Pomeranian's Teeth - Updated - Dental care is vital; toy breeds are very prone to decay. See this newly updated page for everything you need to know. 
How to Help a Pomeranian with Itching - It's terrible to see your Pom itchy and uncomfortable, but not be sure what to do. See the top reasons for this and exact steps on how to fix things quickly. 
The Best Brushes and Grooming Tools for a Pomeranian - How can your Pom look his or her best if you aren't using the right tools on the coat? See what to use when, how the wrong brushes can ruin the coat, and how to deal with mats. 
The Best Types of Supplements for Pomeranians - Not all Poms need to have supplements, but many do. It depends on what your Pom is eating and his/her health status. See what is needed and when. 
Playpens for Poms - The amazing 4 benefits of having a playpen for your Pom. You may be surprised at how much of a difference this can make. 
Pomeranian Tear Stains - Everything you need to know. What these are, why it happens, how to remove triggers, and how to remove the stains. 
Top 11 Pomeranian Eating Issues - This is a super helpful round-up of the most common questions we receive, with exact steps to resolve them. 
pomeranian-stats

Pomeranian Stats

Family: Spitz
Breed Group: Toy
Country of Development: Pomerania (which is now modern day Poland and Germany)
Height: 8 - 11 inches (20.32 - 27.94 cm)
Weight: 3 - 7 lbs ( 1.36 - 3.175 kg)
According to the breed standard, a Pomeranian should weigh between 3 and 7 lbs. (1.36 to 3.175 kg), with the 'ideal' show Pom being 4 to 6 pounds. However, many pet Pomeranians are larger than 7 pounds. In rare cases, a throwback Pom may over 14 lbs. 
Life Expectancy: 12 - 16 yrs. They will live well into their late teens if given proper care.
Alternate Names: Deutscher Zwergspitz, Toy German Spitz,Dwarf Spitz
Nickname: Pom (Poms)
Well Known Bloodlines: Valcopy, Pettistree, Emcee, Rosewood, Millamor, Bev-Nor, Chriscendo, Golden Aires
Popularity: Per the AKC's list of most popular breeds, #19 in 2014, #20 in 2015, #21 in 2016
Maturity: Adult at 1 year old
Litter size: 1-5

Overview of Colors

This breed can be found in an array of beautiful colors, either solids, partis (two colors), and tri's. This includes:
  • Chocolate: Chocolates will have coats that range from light to dark brown; a true chocolate
  • Pomeranian will have chocolate skin pigmentation(nose, eye rims, lips & paw pads)
  • Beaver: This is a diluted chocolate and as such, is self-coloring. The beaver Pom will have beaver skin (nose, eye rims, lips & paw pads)
  • Cream: A soft, off-white. Creams will always have black noses.
  • Sable: Black tipped hairs; any base coat can have sable on it, i.e. orange sable, cream sable, etc.
  • Red: A deep, intense orange. 
  • Merle: The merle gene causes a splattering effect in which color lands randomly throughout the coat. It can also affect both nose and eye color. 
  • Brindle: Technically this is a pattern. This Pomeranian will have a striping effect on the fur. 
  • Blue: A blue Pomeranian is a diluted black color, there is blue skin pigmentation as well (nose, eye rims, lips, paw pads) A true blue will not have a full black nose.
  • Parti-color: A coat of two colors; each covering more than would be seen with a simple marking.
And noses can be several colors. The most common is black, however chocolate and beaver are also possible. There are even some parti noses (most often seen with merle Pomeranians). 
Read more about Pomeranian Coat Colors
Read more about Pomeranian Nose Colors

Most Popular Pages:

pomeranian-with-young-girl

No matter what age your Pom is, there are certain supplies that you'll want to have to take care of him. And while you do not need to have a lot, it is important to have the right ones.

It's surprising how having certain items can make a huge difference in your Pom's day to day. From how he feels about being home alone, to how well he sleeps well at night, to his safety when taking walks .

A list of essentials for optimal health, happiness, comfort and safety. 
cute Pomeranian puppy yawning

Even the most loving owners can bypass some of these important care elements. Whether this is due to having busy days, or maybe just not knowing the importance of certain tasks. 

However, if you follow these 10 guidelines, you will be well on your way to providing excellent care for your Pomeranian.

This article is applicable to both new and experienced owners of Poms of all ages. 
pomeranian-adult-dog

It can be heartbreaking to have to leave the house when you know that your Pom will have separation anxiety.  

Many dogs struggle with this, which can cause feelings of isolation and overwhelming loneliness. Signs can include excessive barking, obsessively chewing, whining, crying and even going into a state of panic. 

Fortunately, there are some steps that can greatly help your Pom.

Different Types of Pomeranians

While there is only one Pomeranian breed as well as just one set of AKC breed standard, there are a lot of variations of appearance with this breed. This may be due to color, but also weight, height, basic bone structure and face shape. 

This is not the standard; however, this is a face shape that is seen, alongside the Baby Doll.
Throwback Poms

When a Pomeranian is purebred, but much larger than normal, he may be a Throwback.
Pomeranian Size

What to expect in regard to both height and weight. Puppies and adult dogs.
Why Pomeranians Look Different

Discussing all of the ways that Poms can vary in appearance.

Dental Care

Dogs will get cavities and decay just as humans do, if their teeth are not cleaned. And for toy breeds in particular, this can cause serious issues. 

Infection may lead to loose teeth, but it can also spread up into the sinuses or even into the lungs, heart and other parts of the body.

Establishing a good at-home oral hygiene routine is an important part of care. 

This will be comprised of regular brushing with a quality brush and paste, and a daily dental treat that works to prevent plaque buildup and rid the mouth of bacteria.

During yearly wellness checks, your veterinarian will check the teeth for any plaque that may have hardened into tartar and/or spread under the gum line. A professional 'full dental' should then be performed. 

There are several steps you can take at home to fight plaque and prevent decay.

Read more about Pomeranian Dental Care.

Pomeranian Health

As with other breeds, the Pomeranian is prone to certain issues. Conditions seen with the Pom include collapsed trachea, entropion, hypoglycemia, luxating patella, skin and coat issues, and seizures, among others.

Know about signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Read more about Pomeranian Health

Round-up Of Popular Articles

Bad Breath

This is an issue that baffles many owners. Reason why this can happen, at-home remedies, and red flags.
Coprophagia

It can be frustrating when a Pom eats poop, with his own or that of another dog. How to stop this habit.
BSD Hair Loss

For a thinning or balding of the coat, BSD or Alopecia X. There is help that can dramatically regrow the coat.
Smells and Odors

Why a Pomeranian may have an odd odor, even after baths. Both certain areas and full-body issues. 
Pomeranian Playpens - Coming soon!
How having the right playpen can make a huge difference in your Pom's happiness level.
Senior Pomeranians

The transition from adult to senior. Changes to make and how to care for an older Pom.
Allergies

About 20% of dogs suffer from at least one type of allergy.
Pomeranian Carry Methods

See the great options for bringing your Pom with you.
Pomeranian Life Span

How long this breed lives and leading causes of death. 
Pomeranian Car Seats

If you'd buckle up a child, buckle up your Pom. How to choose the right seat.
Puppy Care

What to know when you have a new Pomeranian puppy.
Best Toys for Poms

When you think of toys as tools, you can choose the ones that will actually help.

Shedding and Fur Loss

Pomeranians have two coats of fur: an undercoat and a top coat. The undercoat is soft, thick and dense. The Pom's overcoat is comprised of long and straight guard hairs. 

Pomeranians go through a period which is called the 'Puppy Uglies', which begins between the ages of 4 to 6 months. During this time, there is a transition from puppy coat to adult coat. Fur will shed off, sometimes quite dramatically, to make room for the adult coat to emerge. 

This is a naturally occurring event and is nothing to be alarmed about, though many Poms look very odd, hence the terminology. 
When your Pomeranian reaches the approximate age of 12 to 18 month he will have grown a beautiful new coat. With this transition, there may also be a color change to the coat. With proper care, that coat can remain beautiful. 
At the one year mark, you'll start to notice seasonal shedding. The details of the shedding process are vastly different, depending if you have a male or a female and in most cases, shedding will be triggered by changes in daylight hours and not the temperature. 

Males: Once reaching 18 months of age, a male Pom's coat will stay relatively the same for life. There will be a light shed, this can be once or twice per year, depending on where you live, as the seasons and temperature will have a direct affect. 
Females: Hormonal changes and the change of seasons can greatly affect a female 's coat. Female Pomeranians will shed while in heat or right as the cycle ends due to a fluctuation in hormone levels. They will also shed after pregnancy and her coat will regrow back in about 6 months. 

Both Genders: Any anesthetics can dramatically affect his/her coat. Certain health issues can affect the coat. 

Additional sections include:
pom-quote
“If a dog will not come to you after having looked you in the face, you should go home and examine your conscience.”
—Woodrow Wilson (28th President of the United States)
Pomeranian Hair Growth

Why the hair may thin out and steps you can take to regrow it.
Shaved Pomeranians

Why some people shave the coat and what can happen if you do.
Pomeranian Lion Cuts

What this hair style looks like and if it is a good idea.
Pomeranian white and tan

Grooming

Pomeranians are sometimes called 'Puffballs with feet' or 'Balls of Fur' due to their thick coat that stands out. However, without careful grooming or if using the wrong products, the coat can lie flat and/or be unhealthy. 

Due to the coat being prone to tangles, routine brushing should be done. Brushing will serve several purposes: 

It will rid the coat of debris, pull out dead hairs, ensure a tangle-free coat and stimulate blood flow for healthy skin and fur. We suggest doing this grooming task a minimum of 3 times per week. During times of high shed, this may need to be done each day. 
You do not want to ever brush a dry coat, as this can lead to split ends. 

A quality leave-in coat spray, misted on while brushing, can offer protection from the many elements that can affect how a Pomeranian looks: static, damaging rays of the sun, dry arid winter air and contact friction. 

Your tools should include a quality 2-level steel comb, a slicker brush and an appropriately sized bubbled pin brush. 

The coat may be tided up with shapings; though the inner layer should never be cut into, as this can affect future growth. 

Baths are given every 3 weeks, unless the Pomeranian is clearly dirty from outside play. This washes away body oils that have accumulated, cleanses away debris and gives you a 'clean slate'.

You'll want to use top-quality shampoos and bathing products that add the right amount of moisture while being gentle on the skin & fur. 

Daily touch-ups with canine wipes can help keep the coat in good shape in between baths. 

Recommended are body wipes, tushie wipes (for any urine or feces that may be clinging to hairs) and, importantly, eye wipes to keep tear staining at bay. 

Nails should be kept as short as possible on this toy dog. Trimming need to be done approximately every 6 weeks. If there are any un-removed dewclaws, keep those trimmed short also. 

Read more about Pomeranian Grooming.
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