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Pomeranian Information

There are pets and there are canine family members. Anyone can have the former, but it takes a kind, loving soul to have the latter. We welcome you to PetPom, your 1-stop information center, where we are dedicated to helping you achieve optimal health and happiness for your Pomeranian. 

The Wonderful Pomeranian

This amazing toy breed dog gets its name from the area that is now modern day Germany and Poland: Pomerania and is a descendant of much larger Spitz dogs. 

As soon as his size was bred down, colors were added in, making this a sought after, toy sized companion. 

The Pomeranian was recognized by the AKC in 1888 and since that time has become one of the most popular breeds in countries all over the world. 
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Overview of Colors

Here is some help to explain the colors of a Pomeranian dog:

Chocolate: Chocolates will have coats that range from light to dark brown; a true chocolate
Pomeranian will have chocolate skin pigmentation
(nose, eye rims, lips & paw pads)
Beaver: This is a diluted chocolate and as such, is self-coloring. The beaver Pom will have beaver skin (nose, eye rims, lips & paw pads)
Cream: A soft, off-white. Creams will always have black noses.
Sable: Black tipped hairs; any base coat can have sable on it, i.e. orange sable, cream sable, etc.
Red: A deep, intense orange. 
Brindle: Technically this is a pattern. This Pomeranian will have a striping effect on the fur. 
Blue: A blue Pomeranian is a diluted black color, there is blue skin pigmentation as well (nose, eye rims, lips, paw pads) A true blue will not have a full black nose.
Parti-color: A coat of two colors; each covering more than would be seen with a simple marking.
Pomeranian Dog Stat Information

Family: Spitz
Breed Group: Toy
Country of Development: Pomerania (which is now modern day Poland and Germany)
Height: 8 - 11 inches (20.32 - 27.94 cm)
Weight: 3 - 7 lbs ( 1.36 - 3.175 kg)
According to the breed standard, a Pomeranian should weigh between 3 and 7 lbs. (1.36 to 3.175 kg), with the 'ideal' show Pom being 4 to 6 pounds. However, many pet Pomeranians are larger than 7 pounds. In rare cases, a throwback Pom may over 14 lbs. 
Life Expectancy: 12 - 16 yrs. They will live well into their late teens if given proper care. See: Age
Alternate Names: Deutscher Zwergspitz, Toy German Spitz,Dwarf Spitz
Nickname: Pom (Poms)
Well Known Bloodlines: Valcopy, Pettistree, Emcee, Rosewood, Millamor, Bev-Nor, Chriscendo, Golden Aires
Popularity: Per the AKC's list of most popular breeds, #19 in 2014, #20 in 2015, #21 in 2016
Maturity: Adult at 1 year old
Litter size: 1-5
Allergies - Allergies can be a tricky issue. These can be placed into 3 main categories: A Pomeranian may suffer from food allergies, contact or environmental allergies. Signs vary, however in most cases the skin will be affected with itching and possibly sores. Eyes may be red and/or runny. With food allergies, this may present as an upset stomach, along with vomiting and/or diarrhea. Even if triggers are not pin-pointed, there are steps you can take to lessen the symptoms. 
Exclusive Photo Gallery - Do you have an adorable, incredible, cute Pomeranian dog? Share your Pom with the world ! Your dog's photo will appear, along with their name and your name! Join in with the biggest Pomeranian Photo Gallery anywhere!

This is a great way to let the whole world see just how cute and wonderful your pet is! We reach over 50,000 people per month, so this is your chance to shine!
Different Types of Pomeranians

While there is only 1 Pomeranian breed as well as just one set of AKC breed standard, there are a lot of variations of appearance with this breed. This may be due to color, but also weight, height, basic bone structure and face shape. Here we discuss:

Teddy Bears (not the standard, but a face shape that is seen| Throwbacks (much larger than normal Poms) Size  (Height and weight to expect) Why Pomeranians look different  (though there is just one Pomeranian breed, these are the reasons why two Poms can look completely different)
Worried About Leaving Your Pomeranian Home Alone?

When a dog is left alone, he may struggle with the isolation. The dog may bark incessantly, obsessively chew, whine, cry and even go into a panic. Signs of nervousness may begin before an owner even leaves. The owner may arrive back home, only to have the Pom struggle to fall back to 'normal' afterward. If your Pom has a difficult time staying home by himself, you'll want to take steps to keep him calm while building self-esteem. 

Resolving this issue with your Pom puppy or dog will include such things as making adjustments to your Pom's layout, creating a relaxing (and non-isolating) atmosphere and choosing effective companion toys. In addition, gradual training to help a dog gain self-confidence is part of the process to improve things. Along with this, there are some all-natural supplements that can help. In very severe cases, prescribed medication can be given. 

We have a great section on this, with lots of details to help you with all of the aspects of Separation Anxiety.
Health

No doubt, keeping your Pom healthy is a top priority. You'll want to understand health issues common to the breed.

You'll also find various section regarding such issues as bad breath, the coat or other areas of the body having odd smells and even how to deal with coprophagia
Miniatures and Toys

While there is no such recognized breed as the Miniature or Teacup Pomeranians, there are some Poms that are smaller than the standard.; they will be under 3 pounds.

Let's look at this issue to discuss the ethics of purposefully breeding for smaller than standards and care of these tiny Poms, including possible health issues to be aware of.  
Age & Care Issues

We understand that you have questions and are seeking information regarding these important elements. We have sections regarding:

Age  
Young Puppy Care - For that important first year of growth
Stats and fact regarding Life Span

The Best Snacks for Pomeranians
Dental Care

Dogs will get cavities and decay just as humans do, if their teeth are not cleaned. And for toy breeds in particular, this can cause serious issues. Infection may lead to loose teeth, but it can also spread up into the sinuses or even into the lungs, heart and other parts of the body.
Establishing a good at-home dental cleaning routine is an important part of care. While the proper toothbrush and paste are crucial elements, a finger brush may work for those intolerant to a brush. 
During yearly wellness checks, your veterinarian will check the teeth for any plaque that may have hardened into tartar and/or spread under the gum line. A professional 'full dental' should then be performed. While some chews and dental snacks can be beneficial; these should be considered supplemental cleaning methods on top of at home dental care. See: Dental Care
Shedding & Fur Loss
 
Pomeranians have two coats of fur: an undercoat and a top coat. The undercoat is soft, thick and dense. The Pom's overcoat is comprised of long and straight guard hairs. Pomeranians go through a period which is called the 'Puppy Uglies', this stage begins between the ages of 4 to 6 months. During this time, your pet is going through his 'adolescence'. The puppy fur will shed off (most often thinning as opposed to clumping out) and the adult coat will emerge. 

This is a naturally occurring event and is nothing to be alarmed about, though many Poms look very odd, hence the terminology. When your Pomeranian reaches the approximate age of 1 year he will have grown a beautiful new coat. With this transition, there may also be a color change to the coat. With proper care, that coat can remain beautiful. 

At the one year mark, you'll start to notice seasonal shedding. The details of the shedding process are vastly different, depending if you have a male or a female and in most cases, shedding will be triggered by changes in daylight hours and not the temperature. If your Pomeranian is suddenly and unexpectedly losing fur, there are several reasons for this and we offer guidance and advice for all of them.

Males: Once reaching 18 months of age, a male Pom's coat will stay relatively the same for it's life. There will be a light shed, this can be once or twice per year, depending on where you live...as the seasons and temperature will have a direct affect. 
"The great pleasure of a dog, is that you can make a fool of yourself and he will not scold you...he will make a fool of himself also." 
Pomeranian puppy with yellow ball
Females: Hormonal changes and the change of seasons greatly affect a female 's coat. Female Pomeranians will shed while in heat or right as the cycle ends due to a fluctuation in hormone levels. They will also shed after pregnancy (an average size litter is 1 - 5 pups, however a litter can be as large as 7) and her coat will regrow back in about 6 months. 

Both Genders: Any anesthetics can dramatically affect his/her coat. Certain health issues can affect the coat. There is a breed specific issue termed BSD, while rare, can cause dramatic changes. Both males and females may shed when experiencing extreme stress.

We have sections on Pomeranian hair growth and the question of Shaved Poms, including Lion Cuts.
Pomeranian white and tan
Grooming

Pomeranians are sometimes called 'Puffballs with feet' or 'Balls of Fur' due to their thick coat that stands out. However, without careful grooming or if using the wrong products, the coat can lie flat and/or be unhealthy. 

Due to the coat being prone to tangles, routine brushing should be done. Brushing will serve several purposes: It will rid the coat of debris, pull out dead hairs, ensure a tangle-free coat and stimulate blood flow for healthy skin and fur. We suggest doing this grooming task a minimum of 3 times per week. During times of high shed, this may need to be done each day. 
You do not want to ever brush a dry coat, as this can lead to split ends. A quality leave-in coat spray, misted on while brushing, can offer protection from the many elements that can affect how a Pomeranian looks: static, damaging rays of the sun, dry arid winter air and contact friction. Your tools should include a quality 2-level steel comb, a slicker brush and an appropriately sized bubbled pin brush. 

The coat may be tided up with shapings; though the inner layer should never be cut into, as this can affect future growth. 

Baths are given every 3 weeks, unless the Pomeranian is clearly dirty from outside play. This washes away body oils that have accumulated (which can lead to odors), cleanses away debris and gives you a 'clean slate'. You'll want to use top-quality products that add the right amount of moisture while being gentle on the skin & fur. Daily touch-ups with canine wipes can help keep the coat in good shape in between baths. Recommended are body wipes, tushie wipes (for any urine or feces that may be clinging to hairs) and, importantly, eye wipes to keep tear staining at bay. 

Nails should be kept as short as possible on this toy dog. Trimming should be done at least every 3 months. If your pet has any un-removed dewclaws, keep those trimmed short also. If nails are not trimmed regularly, they will become overgrown and pinch into the flesh. See: Grooming. 
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