Professional Allergy Testing
When allergies are chronic, it is best to have an experienced and reputable veterinarian run tests to see if the triggers(s) can be identified. Some Pomeranians are allergic to more than one element and knowing exactly what bothers your Pom can - of course- help you remove or limit the exposure to the triggers.
Blood testing (ELISA) or intradermal skin allergy testing can be performed. Do keep in mind that these test are not always accurate and do not test for every known trigger; they test for the most common allergens that canines suffer from.
Of the two, intradermal skin testing seems to be the more accurate; though, with this test a dog must be lightly sedated.
Diagnosing Food Allergies at Home
1) Rule out additives: If you highly suspect that your Pomeranian is allergic to something in his food, first be sure that you are feeding him a diet that is free of common triggers. This includes artificial coloring, flavoring, and preservatives.
And this must include rechecking any snacks and treats given to him as well.
2) Treat skin/coat symptoms: If those were indeed the culprits, symptoms should less within 2 weeks. However, do note that you may need to treat the skin and/or coat for sores, hot spots, dry skin, itchiness, and/or peeling that was a result of the allergen.
Even if the trigger has been eliminated, those sorts of issues can be on-going some attention being given to them.
Ahead, we will discuss what sort of products can help with various skin and coat ailments caused by allergies.
3) Rule out food ingredients. If you are not sure if your Pomeranian is allergic to a food additive or an actual food, you can use an approach that is similar to when a dog has an upset stomach, which includes offering a very bland diet. The goal is to give the dog's body a rest and allow the symptoms to fade before testing to see what is causing the reaction.
A very bland diet of only de-boned white chicken meat (no skin, no seasoning -baked or broiled) and either white rice or sweet potato is given for 2 weeks. There should be no seasoning or additions of any kind other than a dash of salt.
Once 2 weeks have passed, allergy symptoms should be gone. It is at this time that 1 new food ingredient can be added.
Two weeks should pass with that new food being ingested to see if it triggers any allergic reactions. A new food is mixed in every 2 weeks in this manner to try and identity the trigger.