Everyone began worrying when studies announced that a high protein diets for dogs was dangerous. However, those studies were done on rats. These studies are not related to dogs at all. Your Pomeranian's diet should consist of about 40% or more protein. Meat should be the main ingredient of meals.
Senior dogs (after the age of 7 or 8) should be put on a diet a bit lower in protein.
Making Sure Nutrients are Absorbed | Tummy Woes
Even if you feed your Pomeranian the best food available or the most nutritious home cooked meals,your Pom's body may not be absorbing the protein, minerals and vitamins. A low level of (normally occurring) enzymes in a Pom will cause much of those needed elements to pass right through the body without being absorbed.
If you find that your Pom is not gaining weight
as he or she should or seems to have a lot of tummy troubles, you may want to consider adding a Prozyme enzyme to your Pom's food. Recommended prozyme supplements (& rawhide alternatives) are in the Pomeranian Specialty Shoppe.
Special Times for Special Dog Food Diets
There will be times when your Pomeranian will need his diet adjusted. When feeding store-bought dog food, you will need to make changes for:
Pregnant dogs: Should be given puppy food to give their bodies the needed extra vitamins and nutrients to help her puppies grow!
Inactive Dogs: If your dog is inactive due to an injury, health issue, etc, you will want to make sure that the manufactured dog food:
- Is a reduced fat dog food
- Has vitamin rich fish oils
The Best Supplement for Poms
Whether you offer manufactured food or home cooked, it is very important to make sure that your Pom receives the proper vitamins and minerals on a regular basis. This can only be achieved with a quality vitamin and mineral supplement. You will want to change this as your Pom ages with a formula for puppies, adults and then seniors. Poms that have fur issues should be given a good Omega supplement and those that have hip or knee issues should have a supplement for joint health. If you are not sure which ones to purchase, we have them all listed in the Pomeranian Specialty Shoppe.
How Much to Feed a Pomeranian
Feeding a Pom - particularly a puppy- can be tricky when figuring out amounts; you'll want to feed enough to provide adequate nourishment while not overfeeding. It's easy to offer too much food between offering rewards for training, offering treats to distract and providing 2 to 3 meals per day. While some say that dogs will eat endlessly until a human stops them, some Poms will be very picky eaters and you want to make sure that while your dog does not eat too much, he is also eating enough. The amount of dog food and the feeding times will vary depending on the age of your dog and activity level.
A good rule of thumb is that you should only leave out the dog food for 15-20 minutes. If your dog doesn't eat it in that time, pick it up and put it away.
While the exact quantity may have to be adjusted according to specific needs, there are guidelines for Pomeranians and feeding:
do not technically need more food than adults; they need more calories per pound of body weight.
To figure out food amounts by the calorie method; a good guideline is 55 calories per pound for puppies (and 45 calories per pound for adult Poms). It is important to weigh your Pom every 2 weeks or so, since as the weight climbs, so do calorie needs.
If you wish to have a guideline by the cup
- and remember this varies greatly
depending on the type of food - a general approximation is as follows:
A 1 lb. puppy needs approximately 1/4 cup of food
A 3 lb. puppy needs approximately 1/2 of food per day
A 5 lb. puppy needs approximately 1 cup per day
A 6 lb. puppy needs approximately 1.5 to 2 cups per day
Keep in mind that judging portions by the calorie method often works best since foods can vary greatly; 1 cup of dry food will not be the same as 1 cup of wet. And cheaper brands will be bulked up with fillers while quality brands will not. This means that 1 cup of cheap food will have less calories than 1 cup of quality food. Thus, when you choose a good brand, you will actually be feeding your Pomeranian less since the food is more calorie dense.
Amounts will go up as the puppy is going through growth spurts...and then go down as the body has matured and reached its top growth point.
This is distributed throughout 3 to 4 meals up to the age of 6 months. A Pomeranian puppy's stomach is very small so meals must be very small as well. Remember - each dog is unique in:
For this reason, you need to use common sense when feeding. You can use the above as a guidelines; however if your Pom walks away from the bowl after 5 minutes, this means he or she is full. (If a pup or dog loses weight from a decreased appetite, this is a symptom of a medical issue). If your Pom eats what you give to them within 10 minutes and looks to you for more, give another 1/8 cup.
* Once a Pomeranian is 6 months old, you can work your way down from 4 meals to 3 meals or from 3 meals to 2 meals.
At the 1 year mark, your little, tiny Pomeranian is considered an adult dog. The switch from puppy to adult food should take place over the course of a month any time between 12 and 18 months of age. Some adult dogs can usually eat just one meal per day; though most Poms do best with 2 meals per day.
Remember that 2 meals does not mean double the food! This means the calories needs for the day, divided into 2 smaller meals and making allowances for any snacks and treats. Do keep in mind that if you feed your Pom a breakfast in the morning, he or she will need to eliminate soon afterward. For those without digestive issues or constipation, puppies may need to eliminate 15 to 20 minutes after ingesting the first meal.
*Dog treats and chews should be reserved for rewarding good behavior. In this way, training will be easier since a treat is seen as having more value in regard to motivation and encouragement if a dog is hungry. If a dog is given snacks and chews all the time, they will lose important meaning when you are attempting to train your Pom.
Odd Eating Habits
Sometimes a Pomeranian will take their food and bring it elsewhere to it eat it. To learn how to train your dog to stop doing this, read Odd Eating Habits.
To Beg or Not to Beg?
Your Pomeranian knows the answer to this one! Your dog will beg unless you teach him that it is not acceptable. After you prepare his dog food and put it in his special dog food dish, he will then look at you as if he is going to just die if you don't give him a piece of your hamburger. Although extremely tempting and although you will have to use all the will-power in your body and go against all natural human instinct to make your dog happy: Do not feed your dog food from your plate.
Human bodies have adjusted to the additives, color preservatives, high levels of sodium and other ingredients in human food. Even so, millions of people die from heart disease, diabetes and other illness that can be linked to bad eating habits. Imagine what this food can do to your Pomeranian.