Common Pomeranian Concerns
Just like any other dog breed, the Pomeranian breed is prone to certain canine diseases and health problems. This does not mean that your Pom will develop these health issues. A lot of genetic issues are screened out with proper breeding. However, the following are the health conditions that are commonly seen in the bloodlines of the Pomeranian. It is a good idea to become familiar with the symptoms, since early detection is a factor for a speedy recovery.
Cataracts - An Eye Disease
Canine cataracts are one of the most frequent problems affecting the eyes of dogs. Toy dogs, such as the Pomeranian, are more prone to this health issue. There are many different forms of canine cataracts and these develop for varied reasons.
This health issue can appear at any age: from right when a Pomeranian is born to an older, senior dog.
• A change in the color of the Pomeranian dog’s eye – sometimes blue, gray or white tinting
• The dog will begin to bump into walls, etc as their vision becomes blurred
• Swelling on or around the eyes
• Redness in or around the dog’s eyes
• Rubbing the eyes – this can point pain radiating from the area
If you suspect that your Pomeranian has this health issue, the veterinarian can diagnose this by performing a comprehensive eye exam that includes measuring pressure and checking the back of the eyes as well, after dilating the pupils.
Many cataracts are able to be surgically removed. Early detection is vital, as left untreated, this can often lead to blindness.
Collapsed Trachea - A Health Problem Common with Toy Breed Dogs
The trachea of a dog is supported by rings which are made out of cartilage. With toy breeds, this cartilage is prone to injury. While weakness in the area can be a genetic factor, injury to the neck can also cause this problem.
In regard to trauma related collapsed trachea, this most often is due to the use of a collar when on leash instead of a harness. With just a collar, any time a Pomeranian lunges forward or jumps to the side, all force and pressure is put directly on the fragile neck.
- Coughing - This is a particularly unique honking type noise. Some owners may think that it sounds as if the Pom is trying to clear out a hair ball.
- Trouble breathing - A Pom may have a rasp or gasp and struggle to catch his breath
Exercise, excitement and inhalant irritants can make these symptoms worse
Treatment involves the use of cough suppressants, anti-inflammatory medication, bronchodilators and sometimes antibiotics. While these medications cannot correct the collapsed rings, they can often provide enough relief that a dog is able to have quality of life.
In very serious cases that do not respond to typical treatment, surgery is often performed to stabilize the windpipe.
This tiny breed is prone to skin issues, the most common being issues with dry and/ or itchy skin. We do have a section that goes into details about this and offers some great tips and advice for treatment and changes you can make that can fix this issue. See: Pomeranian Skin Problems