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Pomeranian Behavior 

Is a Pom Right for You?

It is important to know and understand the behavior of a Pomeranian. If you are thinking about getting a baby Pom you will want to make sure that having this dog breed is a good fit for you. 

 You will want to know if this breed will blend well into your family, and also that what you envision as being a Pomeranian owner is indeed what life will be like with this little fluff ball.  

If you are having training issues with your Pom or will be getting a puppy and want to know what training will be like, we have information on this as well.
Most Pomeranians love to please. They will be your best friend, your shadow and a whole lot of personality in that little ball of fluff. See also: House Training
Pomeranian Behavior

Each Pom is different because each has his or her own particular personality. This type of dog certainly can not be categorized by one or two words that carries over across the entire breed. That said, there are some traits that are commonly seen with the breed. One very interesting personality trait of the Pomeranian temperament however, is that once a Pom becomes comfortable with its owner, he will begin to copy the behavior of its owner.

For example, if a person is very loud and full of energy, in time a Pom will usually mimic that energy and be active and vocal. If a person tends to be quiet and shy, they will usually find that their Pomeranian adapts to a more quiet and relaxed state. 
Poms adopted through shelters may have some anxiety, shyness and/or need extra time to become accustomed to a new household. Caring for a rescue Pomeranian will entail a bit more focused attention.

A Pomeranian, through training, can become a match to his or her owners. Proper house training, controlling unnecessary barking and biting will ensure good behavior and a wonderful bond.

It is very rare for this breed to have any serious aggression problems; though this is a behavior that can come on suddenly if the dog is in pain.
Pomeranian acting silly
Those who live alone will find this breed to be a great companion...usually eager to go for walks and do other activities together....and happy to cuddle and relax when at home. This breed tends to bond very close with owners; although in some cases if it seems that a Pomeranian does not have a close bond with an owner, some extra attention and doing more activities together may be needed to make the relationship stronger. 

Being very adaptable, most will also enjoy the company of other dogs...and some even get along very well with cats.         
Although a Pom is a very small dog, 3 to 7 pounds generally, he doesn't know it and do not try to tell him! This breed was originally a much larger sled dog and therefore the instinct to protect and guard its owner is still inbred in the Pomeranian. Even if your Pom is a quiet dog, do expect its behavior to turn up a notch if a stranger comes to the door. A Pomeranian will bark as if he is a pit bull if he senses a stranger or feels there may be impending danger to its owner. This dog shows no fear toward anything if he is in "protection mode". This breed shows great loyalty to their human family members.
A Pom will generally adapt quite well to just about any situation. The type of environment or home that is perfect for a Pomeranian is which ever home its owner is in. This dog will be happy as a clam in a sprawling farmhouse and just as content in a small apartment. However, a Pom must be an inside dog. Going for walks and playing around in warm temperatures will always be fun for him, but he must never be considered an outside dog! 

Any owner must be 100% willing and able to keep this dog living in the house as a family member. For jaunts out into the snow, icy or very cold weather, it is recommended to put clothes on your Pom for protection, both for core body temperature and to protect the paws.

There is a stereotype against Pomeranian breed and other toy breed dogs that they are "snappy" and "yappy". This is a generalization that is simply not true. Each dog is an individual...personality and behavior will depend on:
  • The natural instinct to be a companion dog (this is in the bloodline)
  • The socialization that the breeder instills during the newborn weeks
  • The environment that the owner provides
If a Pomeranian is slowly introduced to elements in the world (other dogs, the noise of cars driving by, doorbells ringing, the TV, etc) then he or she should behave just fine. If there is chaos all around, any dog would be apt to behave with excess excitement and even nervousness.

The behavior of a Pomeranian can be very calm and friendly, this is done with proper training. A Pom will not bark incessantly or nip at everyone unless there is a problem, such as the dog feeling threatened, being bothered while trying to eat his meal, etc. There are many reasons why a dog may be vocal and some of them are positive (letting you know that someone is coming to the door, alerting you that it is time to wake up if you are over-sleeping, letting you know that they are hungry, etc).

It is the breeder who shapes the personality of the young Pomeranian puppy...and then the owner takes over that roll. Together the 1st year will generally establish the personality of the dog and how he or she reacts to people and situations.
two Pomeranians together
The first 2- 3 months are crucial for a pup to learn about the world, become used to normal household noises, begin to potty train, learn about human touch and so forth.

A Pom that is not properly socialized may have behavioral issues; this can include inappropriate barking, signs of anxiety with visitors to your home and more. Read about bringing your puppy home and Pomeranian socialization

Jealous Behavior

Some dogs can display behavior problems that appear to be jealousy, either with other household members or with other pets. To learn more about this specific topic, read Jealous Behavior.
Sleep Requirements for the Pomeranian

This is a generally active breed and signs of sudden lethargy and weakness usually point to a health issue or a drastic change in the dog's environment.  With healthy Poms, there are times of being very active and then times of naps to recover from that. Are you wondering if your Pom sleeps too much or how much sleep to expect if you will be bringing a Pom into your home? Learn all about this topic in our Pomeranian Sleeping Habits section.

Dogs that Eat Feces

This is one of the most common questions that we receive from Members in our Pomeranian help section.. "Why does my Pom eat feces?" and "What can I do to stop them!?" The main reason that a dog will do this is a nutrient deficiency. A dog that is lacking just about any needed nutrient will eat feces.

A dog that is fed a low quality dog food will have bowel movements that still contain a lot of undigested food. This is because the ingredients in that dog food are not easily digested. They pass quickly through the dog's body and a lot of it ends up in the dog's feces. A dog may then eat their own feces, in an attempt to re-eat that undigested food.

A dog that is not receiving the proper dog food may also eat another dog's or a cat's feces. It is very important to give your Pomeranian the highest quality dog food possible and a daily supplement.

Habit : There are cases when a dog is being fed 100% correctly and still displaying this behavior. Most often, this is because it has become a habit. If a dog eats feces and is never trained to not eat them, it can become a very odd and upsetting behavior.

The best action to take is to simply not allow your dog to be accessible to it. Keep your Pom on a very short leash when she is doing her business. As soon as she has eliminated her feces, walk her away from it. Pick her up if you must. But do not allow her to eat it.  

If you allow her to go outside and play in a safe area and there is feces there, remove the feces first. Do not allow her to play or run around where she may eat them. Washing the feces down with a water hose works very well.

If a Pom is actually so obsessed with this, that they try and lick up their feces that end up at the bottom a their dog crate, there are a couple of things that you can do:

1) Obtain a food dispenser. Do not feed your dog right before you leave. Time the dispenser to release the food later in the day. This way, your dog may be able to "hold on" and not poo until you come home and can bring him outside.

2) Try to obtain a crate in which the bottom section with the newspaper is further away from your dog. This way, he will not be able to reach the feces. Obtain a dog crate made for very large dog breeds. A crate that is made for very large dogs will have much more of a distance between the landing and the newspaper area.
Keeping Your Pomeranian Happy

It is important to keep your little Pom safe. Being so small, play should not be rough. No one should ever tower above your dog and yell. Good behavior should be rewarded and negative behavior should be dealt with calmly.

Poms can be finicky eaters. this breed is most happy when given some privacy to eat. All dogs, no matter which breed, are descendants of wild dogs. They have a natural, build in instinct to feel vulnerable when eating, as if someone is going to come and take away their food before they are done. It is suggested to place their food in a quiet spot, in a quiet room. Once your dog is done with its meal, the behavior of a Pomeranian will go right back to its normal, friendly self.

Spend time bonding, exploring the "world" and give back as much love as you are getting (which will be a lot!)  
You may also be interested in: Why is my Pomeranian pacing
Pomeranian Humping Behavior - The reasons why both female and males may do this and how, when it's warranted, to stop this behavior. 
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