When a dog is constipated he or she will have trouble pushing out a bowel movement, will not have a bowel movement at all, or may have very small, infrequent movements.
What is normal?
For most healthy dogs having 1 or 2 stools a day is considered normal. If your Pom has 3, 4 or more stools per day, this would points to an issue with loose stools, or may be diarrhea. If your puppy or dog has 1 stool every other day (or less) this does point to a constipation problem.
So, what should the feces look like? For canines, a healthy stool has the consistency of dough. Hypothetically, if you were to pick it up (and maybe you do, if you take your Pom for walks and bring along a doggie waste bag) you would be able to pick it up in one piece. It would be soft but it would stay together as one piece. If the stool is very hard, this points to constipation. If it comes out like a splattering of hard, tiny rocks, this also is a sign of constipation.
While we are speaking of dog poop, why don’t we quickly talk about what the normal color is of Pomeranian poop? The color of it is not directly related to constipation problems; but by noticing this element, you can learn a lot.
The normal healthy color of canine stool is a medium chocolate brown. Now, if you are feeding your Pomeranian a manufactured food that has a lot of artificial coloring in it, those colors can pass through the body and wind up in the poop. So, if you see some green, blue and/or red flakes and for some reason you are feeding your Pom (yikes!) yucky food with a high concentration of coloring, this may be the reason.
If you do not feel comfortable with what you are offering your Pom for food and snacks, do please take a moment to read our Food section.
Take note of any bright red coloring – This could be blood in the stools. Blood may appear from another medical issue…Or blood may be seen when a Pomeranian is constipated, as hard bowel movements may tear at tissue as it is pushed and stressed to be released. Either way, bright red is a concern.
Very dark black –
If the stool is what is referred to as ‘tarry black’, a very dark, slick looking color- this can point to blood as well. If a Pomeranian (or any other dog) has issues in the gastrointestinal tract, it can cause the stools to be dark like this with ‘old’ blood. This is a concern to bring to the attention of the vet.
Super light tan -
This can point to a possible issue with the liver, so this is another issues to bring to the attention of a vet.
The shape should be like that of a ‘log’. It can also be normal for a dog’s poop to sort of spiral out…it may spin around (like a soft serve ice cream being released) and end up being a corkscrew little mound. As long as the consistency is like that of dough (as described above), this can be considered normal.
When a Pomeranian is constipated, the feces will be small. One pebble may pop out…and then another.
Causes of Constipation with a Pomeranian
What can cause a Pom to strain and have trouble pushing out his or her poop?
#1 The most common reason dehydration. Did you know that poop is 75% water? It is! So, if your Pom is not drinking enough, not enough water will make it down into the intestines and this can cause hard poop that is difficult for a Pom to push out.
#2 Ingestion of a foreign substance - This can range from a pebble, to a coin..and includes eating grass. #3 Medication Side Effects – Is your Pomeranian taking any prescribed medicine? All sort of medications can cause constipation. Most commonly it will be antihistamines for allergies. Iron supplements can cause problems with the stool as well.
#4 The fourth most common reason for Pomeranian constipation is, surprisingly, habit. Yes, a dog can develop a habit. This can happen if a puppy or dog is left home alone for long periods of time and holds back the urge to go to the bathroom. A dog can also hold back bathroom needs when in a new place… like a boarding kennel or while traveling on an airplane or for a long car trip.
#5 For older, senior dogs, a diet of only dry food can cause constipation.