It can be disconcerting when our little Poms show any signs of distress and certainly when a Pomeranian is coughing and making hacking noises, we can become very worried for him or her.
This is never a good sign, so whether it is a small issue or a larger one, the one thing that is important is to find out what his causing the issue and take steps to resolve it.
While an acute noise may just be a matter of your dog clearing his or her throat, which is no reason for concern... This section will discuss the possible reasons for an ongoing, chronic cough that is loud enough or happens often enough to warrant looking into.
There are many health issues that can cause coughing in canines, so let’s look at the most common reasons.
Reason 1- A hairball -
Just like cats, a Pomeranian can get a hairball. This is actually not that uncommon since it is caused by licking
the coat. With the long, fluffy coat and thick fur
that this breed has, a hairball can form and become trapped in the throat.
Not only can it cause coughing fits, it can also make a Pom vomit and/or dry heave. As you can imagine, it is extremely uncomfortable and quite possibly scary for a dog to experience this.
One method of treating this at home is to encourage your Pom to lick at some peanut butter (smooth, not chunky). Other options are a piece of high fiber bread or ½ cup of brown rice. The idea behind this is to have the food
create a cushion around the hair. If this does not help, it is highly recommended to bring your Pomeranian to the closest animal hospital.
Reason 2 - Kennel Cough –
Don’t let the name fool you. Your dog does not need to have come back from an actual kennel to catch this infection. It is extremely contagious, so a Pom can catch this from the dog park, doggie play dates, at the groomer’s or just about anywhere.
The symptoms are a very dry, hacking type cough, vomiting, and sometimes a nasal discharge. In very severe cases, a dog can also develop a fever and weakness. In rare cases, this is fatal. If you suspect Kennel Cough, please bring your Pom to the veterinarian where testing can be performed.
Testing will include a complete blood profile and testing of the urine.
With mild cases, often no medication is given and the infection runs its course in about 4 days. With moderate to severe cases, an anti-inflammatory medication may be given. With some dogs, a secondary infection sets in and if that happens, antibiotics may be given. For moderate to severe cases, it can take up to 4 weeks for a Pomeranian to stop coughing and feel better.
Be sure to use a harness with your Pom and not a collar (always recommended to prevent neck injury) to help your dog breathe easier.
Reason 3 - Other infection such as bronchitis –
If your dog has a lung infection such as bronchitis, often a sign will be a wet cough, with mucus and sometimes accompanied with nasal discharge. He or she may also have a fever. If this is diagnosed, treatment may include corticosteroids and/or antibiotics.