Reason 1- A hairball -
Just like cats, a Pomeranian can get a hairball. This is actually not that uncommon since it is caused by licking
the coat. With the long, fluffy coat and thick fur
that this breed has, a hairball can form and become trapped in the throat.
Not only can it cause coughing fits, it can also make a Pom vomit and/or dry heave. As you can imagine, it is extremely uncomfortable and quite possibly scary for a dog to experience this.
One method of treating this at home is to encourage your Pom to lick at some peanut butter (smooth, not chunky). Other options are a piece of high fiber bread or ½ cup of brown rice. The idea behind this is to have the food
create a cushion around the hair. If this does not help, it is highly recommended to bring your Pomeranian to the closest animal hospital.
Reason 2 - Kennel Cough –
Don’t let the name fool you. Your dog does not need to have come back from an actual kennel to catch this infection. It is extremely contagious, so a Pom can catch this from the dog park, doggie play dates, at the groomer’s or just about anywhere.
The symptoms are a very dry, hacking type cough, vomiting, and sometimes a nasal discharge. In very severe cases, a dog can also develop a fever and weakness. In rare cases, this is fatal. If you suspect Kennel Cough, please bring your Pom to the veterinarian where testing can be performed.
Testing will include a complete blood profile and testing of the urine.
With mild cases, often no medication is given and the infection runs its course in about 4 days. With moderate to severe cases, an anti-inflammatory medication may be given. With some dogs, a secondary infection sets in and if that happens, antibiotics may be given. For moderate to severe cases, it can take up to 4 weeks for a Pomeranian to stop coughing and feel better.
Be sure to use a harness with your Pom and not a collar (always recommended to prevent neck injury) to help your dog breathe easier.
Reason 3 - Other infection such as bronchitis –
If your dog has a lung infection such as bronchitis, often a sign will be a wet cough, with mucus and sometimes accompanied with nasal discharge. He or she may also have a fever. If this is diagnosed, treatment may include corticosteroids and/or antibiotics.