Chronic Issues of Watery Eyes with a Pomeranian
There are several possible health conditions that can cause excessive eye discharge.
- This is the #1 most common reason why a Pomeranian will have clear, watery eyes. In most cases the runny eye fluid will be clear and watery. If the fluid is thick, forms crust or is colored (yellow, green or brown), that will often point to a different issue; though if the eye area is not routinely wiped with canine facial wipes, the fluid can dry to a red or tan color.
This may be seasonal or food allergies
and much less likely, contact allergies. While most allergies will also cause a Pomeranian to have other symptoms such as itchy skin which will cause a Pomeranian to lick
or chew at areas on the body, sneezing and/or possible thinning hair. In regard to a food intolerance, there may also be vomiting, dry heaving and/or changes to the stools.
Watery eyes from allergies can occur at any age; a dog can grow into this or grow out of it. Also, the triggers can range from grass and weed pollens to dust miles to even flea control products. For this reason, it is best to have a veterinarian to perform an intradermal skin test to try and determine the triggers, which may be more than one.
Blocked tear duct
- This is also a common cause for watery eyes and in many cases the only symptom that a Pomeranian will have is excessive tearing. However in some cases there may also be some irritation around the eye and possibly some redness. In some cases, this can be treated by a flushing of the ducts and with more severe cases minor surgery may need to be performed.
Corneal injury- The cornea is the outer layer of eye film that protect it, however it can become scratched surprisingly easily. A Pomeranian may be nosing around outside and a small twig may scratch the eye or can a dog can even get poked by the corner of a blanket. The only sign may be a runny eye; however in moderate to severe cases there may also be some swelling and the surrounding tissue may turn red. With this, one eye may water more than the other, as the one with the injury will tear more and the other may also have tearing in response to that.
A veterinarian will be able to determine how deep the injury is. With minor scratches, the goal will be to prevent a Pom from touching his eye so that it can heal. If so, things can resolve within a week or two. Normally an Elizabethan collar
is placed on the dog, but for those that have an aversion to this and simply will not tolerate it, a soft contact lens is another alternative. Antibiotics are also usually prescribed to prevent infection while the eye is vulnerable to it.
- This is a genetic condition that causes the eyelid to partially turn inward which in turn will cause the Pomeranian's tiny eyelashes to brush against the eye and cause them to be watery. If this is the case, it is almost always diagnosed by the age of 1 year old. Since dogs are born with this, a Pomeranian over the age of 1 year will not suddenly develop this, though a stray eye lash can always be a possible concern.
This is easily diagnosed with an eye examination and the vet will check for any possible ulcerated corneas that may have developed. Very minor cases are treated with antibiotic eye drops and most moderate and certainly severe cases are corrected via surgery.
- This is an issue that can cause a Pomeranian to have runny eyes that does not involve the lid, but just the lashes. One or several will turn inward and irritate the eye(s) enough to cause them to tear. This may occur on the top, bottom or both. Signs and symptoms of this include watery eyes and possibly red eyes, slight swelling, and discomfort that will cause a Pom to paw at the area or rub his eye against surfaces like the carpeting or furniture.
It is highly recommended to have this treated as soon as possible since this can cause severe corneal ulcerations as well as ongoing infections. Treatment for this is typically a type of electrolysis called electroepilation in which a small electrical current is used to destroy the lash follicle. Once this is done, it will not grow back.
- Watery eyes with a Pomeranian can be due to either viral conjunctivitis or allergic conjunctivitis. Typical signs include redness and puffy eyelids. The discharge will not be a clear watery fluid. It will be thick and with most dogs, it will dry to a sticky crust overnight that can actually cause the eyes to be stuck closed with the dog wakes up from sleeping. You may also notice that the discharge is stringy and stretchy when you try to wipe it away.
Allergic conjunctivitis may be caused by an allergy to dust mites, seasonal triggers such as pollen, and even environmental factors such as perfumes and cleaning products. Treatment includes Antihistamines, eye drops that contain steroids to reduce swelling and cold compresses.
If a Pomeranian has viral conjunctivitis, it should be noted that this is very contagious and both other pets and humans can catch this. Along with this, a dog may also have a cold, throat infection or a lung infection. Treatment will vary according to whether or not there are these other issues; however basic care will include steroid eye drops, possibly antibiotic drops and cold compresses. Most dogs recover in 3 weeks. During this time, be sure to thoroughly wash your hands any time after touching your Pomeranian and especially after cleaning and taking care of his eyes.
- This is rather rare however still something to be considered. This is a condition in which there is too much pressure in the eye. It is important to have this ruled out since it can lead to nerve damage that results in permanent blindness. Symptoms of this will include water eyes, excessive blinking, a rolling of the eyeball inward to the head, bloodshot eyes, a cloudy film and/or problems with vision. Some dogs that have this will also have a marked decrease in appetite and have less enthusiasm to play or interact as they may also suffer from bad headaches.
Most vets will refer an owner to bring their Pomeranian to a veterinary ophthalmologist who will make a diagnosis. There are several medications that can slow down or even stop the progression of this.
Infection or other illness
- In some cases, a lung infection or other health problem
can cause a runny nose, runny eyes or both. This will be checked for as well, regardless of other symptoms if no other cause can be found.
Watery Eye Prevention
Since a slight scratch to the eye and small debris in the eyes are two common causes for runny eyes, there are some things that you can do to try and prevent issues. In addition, proper care will help prevent other issues such as tear staining.
You should routinely clean your Pom's face and eye area to wipe away any possible tiny pieces of debris that could potential travel to the eyes including little bits of food. When wiping the lids, do this in a downward motion, so that the lids are gently closed as they are being cleaned.