Difference Between Pet Pomeranian and Show Dog Pomeranians
What is the difference between a "Pet" Pom, and a "show" Pom and why such prejudice? Owner: Shanna, Pomeranian: Pixel
Hi Shanna. This is a very good Pomeranian question. Pet Pomeranians , also known as Companion Poms and Show Dog Pomeranains are the exact same dog breed. In fact, in the majority of cases, pet Pomeranians and show dog Pomeranains will be of the same liter ;they will be brothers and sisters. The difference between the two is that when the puppies are born, the Pomeranian breeder will take great time and effort to record all the stats of the puppy. The breeder will be checking to see if a Pomeranian dog fits the breed standards of the Pomeranian toy dog.
Dog clubs, such as the AKC, need to list out a "perfect" standard for exactly how a Pomeranian "should" look. This must be done, so that when dogs compete in conformation dogs show events, they can then judge which dog comes closest to the breed standard.
There is an "Official Breed Standard" to officially document what a certain dog breed looks like. Every kennel club has one for every recognized breed. At varying points in history, these were drawn up. And over time, they are revised.
So, a Pom breeder will decide which dogs come close to that breed standard and which do not. Even little issues, such if a dog is a bit under or over the breed standard weight, if a dog has a marking on its nose, etc. will put that Pom in the category of a Companion Pomeranian or 'pet quality'. This is the decision of a Pom breeder; but done in the best interest of the owners.
When a Pom is designated as a show dog Pomeranian, owners will know that the dog will have a better chance of winning dog events (many people make a living by entering dog shows) and they will know that the dog does not have any flaws (or noticeable flaws).
With all this said, when you look at a show Pom vs a pet Pom, you'll see some differences, because the dogs that are in show will all have the same desired elements.
Here are some key points:
Show: Adult weight of 4 to 6 lbs. (1.81 to 2.72 kg) is preferred.
Pet: Adult weight will usually fall between 3 and 7 lbs. (1.6 and 3.17 kg) however there are pet Pom that are much larger, 10+ lbs (4.53 kg)
Show: The face will be fox faced as this is the standard for AKC, CKC, KC and FCI.
Pet: Due mainly in part to pubic demand, some pet Pomeranians have the baby doll or teddy bear face (a flatter face); though many will have the foxface.
Show: While every ethical breeder will strive for full, dense coats ALL show Poms will have near perfect coats; the fur around the neck, shoulder and chest area will be 'abundant' and the coat will be tightly packed.
Pet: There will be some Pomeranians classified as pets that just have a hard time developing the intensely thick coat as their show dog counterparts.
All colors are accepted in AKC events. The FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) finds a Pom that shows the merle coloring to have a disqualifying fault. So, while all colors are permissible in AKC and other clubs accept all except merle, they do have preferences. The KC likes oranges to be as bright as possible... the AKC prefers a white blaze on parti-colored Poms, etc. So, if a breeder believes that a pup will be of 'idea' size, with a super thick coat and has preferred coloring, she may hold onto the puppy, in the hopes that he will mature to be a fine show specimen.
Sometimes a Pomeranian puppy will be born with an obvious flaw that would bar him from ever being a show dog. This includes an overshot or undershot bite, extremely undersized or oversized, bad body formation (weak pasterns) and so forth. These dogs will automatically be labels as pets and in the case of these types of faults should not be bred. These dogs make for fantastic canine family members; however will not be able to be shown.