Not only that, but this breed can be one solid color, two, three or more. There are patterns to the coat such as sable (black tipped hairs) and brindle (a sort of striping)… and Poms will often change color as they mature. However, in regard to people that ask ‘Why does my Pomeranian look like a fox?’ this is often coming from those who have red, red sable, red with markings, orange, orange sable, orange brindle or orange with a secondary color of white or cream as these dog are most comparable to the most popular type of fox.
Now with foxes,
there are actually 12 different species in the ‘fox’ family but the most common type is the red fox (which itself has 47 sub-species). Even though foxes can be found in a wide range of colors (just like the Pom) including black, gray and white (the Artic Marble Fox) and even solid white (aptly named the Arctic White Fox), when people think about this sleek, small woodland creature, it is often the red fox that comes to mind. The adult Red Fox has a beautiful rust colored coat often with a secondary marking of cream or white that varies in coverage yet usually falls on the chest and front legs. The tail is tipped in either white or black.
Color changes -
Not only can both Poms and foxes be found in lots of different colors, they both also change color as they mature. With foxes, this is known as 'morphing' and Poms often go through a major color change when maturing, known as the 'Puppy Uglies'. Red foxes are born brown or gray and often develop stripes or mottling on the coats and with Poms, markings, brindling and sabling can lessen or come in stronger and the base color can darken or lighten.
This is another huge reason why people believe that Pomeranians look like foxes; while there are some similarities, there are some notable differences as well:
1) Ears -
Both the Pomeranian and the fox have triangle ears. While canines can have all sorts of ear shapes (blunt, drop, button, etc.), some do have triangle ears like the Pom. The standard calls out for ears on a Pomeranian that are 'small, mounted high and carried erect'. Foxes also have triangle ears that stand up erect, however the major difference is the size (foxes have larger ears in comparison to their faces) and they use them as part of a complicated body language… they rotate and flick them when sniffing around, when pleased they will turn them outward and they can press them all the way backward when afraid or unsure. So, when people look at the similarities of Pomeranian and foxes in regard to ears, this is using the image of a fox that is alert with ears held high.