In just about all cases, the problem is going to stem from the skin. So, first let’s look at the possible skin issues that could be the culprit.
Reason 1- Bacterial Infection:
What starts off as a little itch can quickly turn into infection. When faced with an irritant or an allergy, quite often this fragile toy breed will have itchy skin… Then, if scratching and focusing on one certain area, the skin breaks open and bacteria sets in. At this point, without prescribed mediation, the problem will only worsen.
What can cause an allergic reaction? Lots of things… Contact allergies can include everything from chemicals that are on grass
to residue from cleaning solution that is clinging to a Pom’s blanket that he or she rests upon. If an owner can catch itching in the beginning stages, a bath with an oatmeal base can offer comfort.
It takes a bit of detective work, however an owner will need to take a step back and see what their dog comes into contact with on a regular basis. Switching to a hypoallergenic laundry detergent, canine shampoo and conditioner can be of great help. Chemicals from outside can be brought in and become embedded into carpeting. In homes with wall-to-wall, a vacuum with an approved HEPA filter and rid the flooring of microbes.
If the trigger cannot be identified, testing can be done. While not always conclusive, it can offer hope.
Inhaled allergens can also cause itching, which leads to scratching and can lead to a bad smell from infection. Canines can be sensitive to the same things that humans are: pollens, ragweed, etc. For seasonal reactions, antihistamines can help a great deal.
Depending on the veterinarians’ diagnoses, treatment may include antihistamines, steroid based medications and topical creams. Certain areas may be covered to prevent scratching until the sores have healed.