Allergies and Skin Issues
Allergies can manifest as skin issues including hot spots of sore red spots and itchy skin. In some cases it can be so severe that there is hair loss. This can happen if a Pomeranian chews or scratches at an area or if the skin is so badly damages that hair follicles are affected. Usually it would be accompanied by other symptoms including but not limited to:
- Nasal and/or eye discharge
- Congestion or runny nose
- Red, irritated eyes
- Upset digestive system (sometimes with food allergies)
It's important to point out that many owners do not believe allergies to be the cause of skin problems if the Pom didn't have previous issues. However, a dog can grow into (or out of) allergies, just as humans can. Therefore, no matter what the age of your Pom, this should be considered as a possible cause.
It may seem logical that if the skin is erupting, that the dog must be allergic to something he is touching, however while a possible cause both food and inhaled triggers can also cause the skin to react.
Allergies can include:
- Food - Note that this includes food additives. It is artificial coloring, artificial flavoring and chemical preservatives that most dogs are allergic to, not an actual 'real' food ingredient.
- Contact allergies - Skin can dry out, crack open afterward and develop red sore spots from a trigger that the dog comes into contact with. This includes but is not limited to lawn care chemical, ice melt chemicals on roads in the winter (and also in the spring as they melt along with the snowbanks), carpeting, carpet cleaner, detergent that has been used to wash bedding and more.
- Inhaled trigger - If a Pom is having a reaction to pollen, weeds and other seasonal allergies, dry cracked skin is one of the symptoms.
What you can do:
1) Have this diagnosed.
Certainly work with your dog's veterinarian to pinpoint the allergens that are affecting your Pomeranian. Many treatments including prescribed anti-inflammatory medications, antihistamines, corticosteroid and even shots can help control itching and other issues.
2) Allow the Pom's body to rest.
If a reaction to an ingested element is suspected, put your Pom on a bland diet of ONLY plain chicken (no bone, no skin) and either sweet potato or white rice. Do not add any spices other than a dash of salt. Giving this, with no other foods, for 2 to 3 weeks can let the body rest.
A dog's body needs this amount of time for the toxin to be cleansed from the body and for inflamed skin to calm down. In you see an improvement, you'll know that the cause was something your Pom was eating. Staying on a home cooked diet may be the answer for you - add plenty of veggies, fruits and extras like cottage cheese and whole white yogurt. Or you may wish to switch food to an organic, hypoallergenic formula.
3) Offer cooling and soothing baths
with an oatmeal based products that will offer relief to itchy skin and sore spots.
4) Keep an eye out for skin that is so dry that it cracks open; once this happens it is vulnerable to infection that would need to be treated with antibiotics.
5) Use a deep moisturizing skin rescue lotion every day. *** Recommendations can be found under 'Grooming' in the Pomeranian Specialty Shoppe.
6) Cover sensitive skin. Any areas of sore skin that can be covered up
with a light cotton shirt, should be covered. If you can't cover your Pom, lie down a soft baby blanket and be sure that it has first been washed with hypoallergenic laundry detergent and preferably hot-air dried with a scent-free static cling sheet.
7) Filter the water that your Pomeranian drinks.
In the majority of locales tap water can legally contain some horrifying elements that have been proven to cause everything from cancer to thyroid problems and so much more. Use a quality filter on your kitchen tap or obtain a canine water fountain system with replaceable charcoal filters.