And of course, you'll see some adorable photos that will help explain all of the above. So if you are wondering why Pomeranians can look so different, let's take a closer look.
The Development of the Breed to Create Diverse Physical Traits
While some types of dog breeds were developed to hold one particular color or 1 certain pattern of coloring, the Pomeranian has quite a different story.
Its ancestors were medium to large sized Spitz dogs that mainly lived in the Arctic. They were only found with white coats.
During 1700's breeders worked on creating a smaller dog and during this time the size of the German Spitz was reduced by approximately 50%, which allowed for dogs that were 30–50 lbs. (14–23 kg).
During the late 1800's when Queen Victoria became smitten with the breed and established a kennel to bring down the size even further, what was considered to be a small Pomeranian at that time was in the 12 pound range (5.4 kg).
Color started to be introduced. Now, if breeders of that time had only wanted to bring reds into the Pomeranian line, today we would most likely only have white, orange and red solid Poms and partis that held combinations of those three. However, a huge variety of coloring was introduced. And each color brings about even more…
For example, bringing in black (which is dominant over white) produced the following different Pomeranians: pure black, black and white parti, blue (over time blue was created as it is a diluted black) & white and blue.
Bringing brown into the Pom line gave us the following different Pomeranians: solid brown, chocolate, light tan, and partis (which a mixture of all shades of brown ranging from dark to light).
As breeding was further developed, breeders began to find that recessive genes produced even more variety. For example, with Wolf Sable, neither dam nor sire needs to be a wolf sable color; as long as both carry the recessive gene for this coloring, puppies may be born wolf sable.
It must be noted that unlike many other breeds, colors were not bred OUT. During the development and refining of many other dogs breeds, if a certain 'non-desired' color were produced, those dogs would not be bred in an effort to produce only desired colors.
However, with the Pom, it become quite popular to have rare and exotic coloring and for this reason no color was even considered to be undesirable and therefore over many generations, just about every color imaginable was brought into the bloodline.
By the early 1900's the collective goal to produce a very small lap dog was reached as the majority of Pomeranians fit into the 3 - 7 lbs. (1.36 - 3.175 kg) range. Though there are many Pomeranian dogs that are larger and we will discuss this ahead.